# Re: [Rd] ppoints (PR#7538)

From: Tobias Verbeke <tobias.verbeke_at_telenet.be>
Date: Tue 25 Jan 2005 - 04:32:57 EST

On Mon, 24 Jan 2005 09:37:44 +0000 (GMT) Prof Brian Ripley <ripley@stats.ox.ac.uk> wrote:

> On Wed, 19 Jan 2005 tobias.verbeke@telenet.be wrote:
>
> > Dear r-bugs,
> >
> > Whilst playing with ppoints I discovered
> > that when one uses it directly, occasional
> > NA's in a vector also become data fractions:
> >
> > ppoints(c(1,2,NA,4))
> >
> > Would it be a good idea to add a warning message
> > as in:
> >
> > ppoints <- function (n, a = ifelse(n <= 10, 3/8, 1/2))
> > {
> > if(any(is.na(n))) warning("'n' contains NA's")
> > if(length(n) > 1) n <- length(n)
> > if(n > 0)
> > (1:n - a)/(n + 1-2*a)
> > else numeric(0)
> > }
>
> Why? There are 4 points in your vector, and the result is perfectly
> valid as documented, even if they were all NAs.

When using ppoints in order to draw a quantile plot to have a first look at a distribution, I almost forgot (read: I did) to remove the NAs. For example, Chambers, Cleveland et al. (1983), Graphical Methods for Data Analysis, p. 15 Fig. 2.4:

"Stamford" <-
c(66, 52, NA, NA, NA, NA, 49, 64, 68, 26, 86, 52, 43, 75, 87, 188, 118, 103, 82, 71, 103, 240, 31, 40, 47, 51, 31, 47, 14,

```NA, 71, 61, 47, NA, 196, 131, 173, 37, 47, 215, 230, NA, 69,
98, 125, 94, 72, 72, 125, 143, 192, NA, 122, 32, 114, 32, 23,
71, 38, 136, 169, 152, 201, 134, 206, 92, 101, 119, 124, 133,
83, NA, 60, 124, 142, 124, 64, 75, 103, NA, 46, 68, NA, 87, 27,
NA, 73, 59, 119, 64, NA, 111, 80, 68, 24, 24, 82, 100, 55, 91,
87, 64, NA, NA, 170, NA, 86, 202, 71, 85, 122, 155, 80, 71, 28,
```
212, 80, 24, 80, 169, 174, 141, 202, 113, 38, 38, 28, 52, 14, 38, 94, 89, 99, 150, 146, 113, 38, 66, 38, 80, 80, 99, 71, 42, 52, 33, 38, 24, 61, 108, 38, 28, NA)

xco <- ppoints(na.omit(Stamford))
yco <- sort(Stamford)
plot(xco, yco,

```     pch = 20,
xlab = "FRACTION OF DATA",
ylab = "QUANTILES OF OZONE DATA",
cex = 0.6)

> > Another minor remark concerning ?ppoints. It says:

> >
> > n: either the number of points generate or a vector of
> >          observations.     ^^^^^
```
>
> As you see, that does not line up, but the typo has been fixed.

Tobias

> --
> Brian D. Ripley, ripley@stats.ox.ac.uk
> Professor of Applied Statistics, http://www.stats.ox.ac.uk/~ripley/
> University of Oxford, Tel: +44 1865 272861 (self)
> 1 South Parks Road, +44 1865 272866 (PA)
> Oxford OX1 3TG, UK Fax: +44 1865 272595
>

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https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-devel Received on Tue Jan 25 03:40:05 2005

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