Re: [Rd] Viewing R objects in gdb

From: Luke Tierney <luke_at_stat.uiowa.edu>
Date: Wed 29 Jun 2005 - 18:44:42 GMT

On Wed, 29 Jun 2005, Duncan Murdoch wrote:

> On 6/29/2005 2:06 PM, Luke Tierney wrote:
>> On Wed, 29 Jun 2005, Duncan Murdoch wrote:
>>
>>> I'm trying to track down a bug in some experimental code, where an
>>> object's attribute is getting messed up. This means I'd like to examine
>>> R objects while within gdb.
>>>
>>> One of the things I'd like to do is to examine the names of all the
>>> attributes. This is exactly what an example in the R Extensions manual
>>> section 4.11.2 "Inspecting R objects when debugging" does, but the code
>>> there doesn't work, presumably because the R internals have changed
>>> since it was written.
>>>
>>> Specifically, I get
>>>
>>> (gdb) p $a->u.listsxp.tagval->u.symsxp.pname->u.vecsxp.type.c
>>> Error: There is no member named vecsxp.
>>>
>>
>> Something like this I think (untested):
>>
>> p ((VECSEXP)$a->u.listsxp.tagval->u.symsxp.pname)->vecsxp.type.c
>
> That gets the typecast right, but now I have the problem that currently
> vecsxp doesn't have a type member:
>
> (gdb) p ((VECSEXP)$a->u.listsxp.tagval->u.symsxp.pname)->vecsxp.type.c
> Error: There is no member named type.
>
> (gdb) p ((VECSEXP)$a->u.listsxp.tagval->u.symsxp.pname)->vecsxp
> $1 = {length = 5, truelength = 6957219}
>
> I guess I need to write a function that uses the macros to extract the data
> (since gdb doesn't see the macros). Or do we already have one?

The type fiels it in the sxpinfo part of the header; I think either

   ((VECSEXP)$a->u.listsxp.tagval->u.symsxp.pname)->sxpinfo.type

or

   $a->u.listsxp.tagval->u.symsxp.pname->sxpinfo.type

will give you that.

It is probably possible to do something like write a file of gdb macros, run the C pre-processor over it to get the expnansions, and load that into gdb. Not that I've tried...

luke

-- 
Luke Tierney
Chair, Statistics and Actuarial Science
Ralph E. Wareham Professor of Mathematical Sciences
University of Iowa                  Phone:             319-335-3386
Department of Statistics and        Fax:               319-335-3017
    Actuarial Science
241 Schaeffer Hall                  email:      luke@stat.uiowa.edu
Iowa City, IA 52242                 WWW:  http://www.stat.uiowa.edu

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Received on Thu Jun 30 04:47:25 2005

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