Re: [Rd] [R] Help! What does this R command mean?

From: Gabor Grothendieck <ggrothendieck_at_gmail.com>
Date: Tue 31 Jan 2006 - 21:55:25 GMT

I think that a pointer to ?formula needs to be added to ?":"

On 1/31/06, Liaw, Andy <andy_liaw@merck.com> wrote:
> ":" in a formula is not the same as ":" otherwise!
>
> Andy
>
> From: Ionut Florescu
> >
> > a:b means - all the element in the vector from a to b
> > a[,-1] means for the matrix a keep all the rows but not the last or
> > first -can't remember column.
> > When in doubt do what I do make a small matrix and apply the
> > command see
> > what it does.
> > After this:
> > > a=matrix(c(1:9),3,3)
> > > a[,-1]
> > [,1] [,2]
> > [1,] 4 7
> > [2,] 5 8
> > [3,] 6 9
> >
> > you see that -1 eliminates the first column.
> > I found the R manual useless myself.
> > The only thing useful is the search function in the html
> > help. That has
> > examples.
> >
> > Ionut Florescu
> >
> > Michael wrote:
> > > Hi all,
> > >
> > > R is so difficult. I am so desperate.
> > >
> > > What does the ":" mean in the following statement?
> > >
> > > What does the "[, -1]" mean?
> > >
> > >
> > >> # Leaps takes a design matrix as argument: throw away the intercept
> > >> # column or leaps will complain
> > >>
> > >> X <- model.matrix(lm(V ~ I + D + W +G:I + P + N,
> > election.table))[,-1]
> > >>
> > >
> > > Thanks a lot!
> > >
> > > [[alternative HTML version deleted]]
> > >
> > > ______________________________________________
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> > http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html
> > >
> > >
> >
> > ______________________________________________
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> >
> >
>
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https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-devel Received on Wed Feb 01 09:10:25 2006

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