[Rd] RFC: more generous print.table(*, zero.print = .) behavior

From: Martin Maechler <maechler_at_stat.math.ethz.ch>
Date: Thu 06 Jul 2006 - 08:17:29 GMT

Hmm,
I'm replying once more to myself (as popular wisdom says, "talking to  oneself" is probably a dangerous sign of increasing mental  disorder.... ;-()

>>>>> "MM" == Martin Maechler <maechler@stat.math.ethz.ch> >>>>> on Tue, 4 Jul 2006 17:40:31 +0200 writes:

>>>>> "MM" == Martin Maechler <maechler@stat.math.ethz.ch> >>>>> on Fri, 30 Jun 2006 17:09:32 +0200 writes:

>>>>> "PD" == Peter Dalgaard <p.dalgaard@biostat.ku.dk> >>>>> on 29 Jun 2006 12:18:13 +0200 writes:

    PD> "BXC (Bendix Carstensen)" <bxc@steno.dk> writes:

    BXC> The function addmargins() adds margins to a table, but returns a matrix.
    BXC> But even after converted to a table the print.zero="." option of
    BXC> print.table() does not work:
    BXC> 
    BXC> > x <- sample( 1:7, 20, replace=T )
    BXC> > y <- sample( 1:7, 20, replace=T )
    BXC> > tt <- table( x, y )
    BXC> > tx <- as.table( addmargins( table( x, y ) ) )
    BXC> > print( tt, zero.print="." )
    BXC> y
    BXC> x   1 2 3 4 5 6 7
    BXC> 1 1 2 2 . . 1 .
    BXC> 2 1 . . 1 . . .
    BXC> 3 . . . . . . 2
    BXC> 4 1 . . . . 1 .
    BXC> 5 1 . 1 . . 1 .
    BXC> 6 . 1 . 1 . . .
    BXC> 7 . . 1 . 1 1 .
    BXC> > print( tx, zero.print="." )
    BXC> y
    BXC> x      1  2  3  4  5  6  7 Sum
    BXC> 1    1  2  2  0  0  1  0   6
    BXC> 2    1  0  0  1  0  0  0   2
    BXC> 3    0  0  0  0  0  0  2   2
    BXC> 4    1  0  0  0  0  1  0   2
    BXC> 5    1  0  1  0  0  1  0   3
    BXC> 6    0  1  0  1  0  0  0   2
    BXC> 7    0  0  1  0  1  1  0   3
    BXC> Sum  4  3  4  2  1  4  2  20
    BXC> 
    BXC> Is this a facility of print.table?
    BXC> The attributes() of tt and tx have identical stucture. 

    PD> It appears to be intentional.
    PD> 
    PD> print.table has
    PD> 
    PD> if (is.integer(x) && zero.print != "0" && any(i0 <- !ina &
    PD> x == 0))
    PD> xx[i0] <- sub("0", zero.print, xx[i0])
    PD> 
    PD> and of course,
    PD> 
    PD> > storage.mode(tx)
    PD> [1] "double"
    PD> > storage.mode(tt)
    PD> [1] "integer"
    PD> 
    PD> The reason could be that it is not entirely clear what to expect for
    PD> values that are zero up to round-off.
    PD>
    PD> storage.mode(tx) <- "integer" fixes things up.

    MM> On the other hand, I'm pretty sure I was the one who added     MM> 'zero.print' and I don't oppose at all to change

    MM> is.integer(x) to all(x == round(x))

    MM> {and then for efficiency swap the *order* of the tests inside that if(.)}
    MM> which I think would be a bit more convenient and still ok (*)
    MM> here.

    MM> Martin Maechler, ETH Zurich

    MM> (*) yes, one could then construct artificial cases where the
    MM> if(.) test would ``conceptually'' be wrong, but I think that
    MM> would not matter for all practical cases.

    MM> In R-devel,

    MM> - addmargins(x, ...) now returns a "table" when 'x' was one.

    MM> - print.table(x, zero.print = ch) now also ``zero-prints'' when     MM> 'x' is not "integer" but numeric with integer values.

I still wonder now about the originaly reason why such a test should be done at all. If 'zero.print = ch' is explicitly specified shouldn't it be used in any case, even in those cases where a value ``accidentally became 0'' ?

I'm currently tending to think that we should drop that test [ 'all(x == round(x))' which originally was 'is.integer(x)' ] entirely.

What do others think?

    MM> Bendix' original example can now be slightly shortened *and*     MM> works as desired (in R-devel, aka 2.4.0 -- to-be):

>> set.seed(1)
>> x <- sample( 1:7, 20, replace=TRUE)
>> y <- sample( 1:7, 20, replace=TRUE)
>> tx <- addmargins( table(x, y) )
>> print(tx, zero.print = ".")

    MM> y
    MM> x      1  2  3  4  5  6  7 Sum
    MM> 1    .  .  1  .  .  .  .   1
    MM> 2    .  1  .  1  1  .  1   4
    MM> 3    .  2  .  .  .  1  .   3
    MM> 4    .  .  .  .  1  .  .   1
    MM> 5    .  .  1  1  1  .  1   4
    MM> 6    .  .  1  .  .  2  .   3
    MM> 7    3  .  1  .  .  .  .   4
    MM> Sum  3  3  4  2  3  3  2  20

>>

    MM> Hoping, this will be useful..
    MM> Martin Maechler, ETH Zurich

    MM> ______________________________________________
    MM> R-devel@r-project.org mailing list     MM> https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-devel

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https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-devel Received on Thu Jul 06 18:19:48 2006

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