Re: [Rd] proposal for adapting code of function gl()

From: Joris Meys <jorismeys_at_gmail.com>
Date: Tue, 12 Apr 2011 10:33:46 +0200

Thanks for the explanation, I wasn't fully aware of which optimization I was using. I reckon your solution is more R-sound, so no reason to keep with my bizarre workaround. It would be nice though if gl() got optimized. Thank you for the example too, I'm learning every day.

Cheers
Joris

On Tue, Apr 12, 2011 at 8:51 AM, peter dalgaard <pdalgd_at_gmail.com> wrote:
>
> On Apr 11, 2011, at 23:53 , Joris Meys wrote:
>
>> Based on a discussion on SO I ran some tests and found that converting
>> to a factor is best done early in the process. Hence, I propose to
>> rewrite the gl() function as :
>>
>> gl2 <- function(n, k, length = n * k, labels = 1:n, ordered = FALSE){
>>  rep(
>>      rep(
>>        factor(1:n,levels=1:n,labels=labels, ordered=ordered),rep.int(k,n)
>>      ),length.out=length
>>  )
>> }
>>
>
> That's bizarre! You are relying on an optimization in rep.factor whereby it replicates the internal codes and exploits that the result has the same structure as the input. I.e., it just tacks on class and levels attributes rather than call match() as factor() does internally.
>
> However, you can do the same thing straight away:
>
>> gl2
> function (n, k, length = n * k, labels = 1:n, ordered = FALSE)
> {
>   y <- rep(rep.int(1:n, rep.int(k, n)), length.out = length)
>   structure(y, levels=as.character(labels), class=c(if(ordered)"ordered","factor"))
> }
>
> I get this to be a bit faster than your version, although with a smaller speedup factor, which probably just indicates that match() is faster on this machine.
>
>> Some test results  :
>>
>>> system.time(X1 <- gl(5,1e7))
>>   user  system elapsed
>>  29.21    0.30   29.58
>>
>>> system.time(X2 <- gl2(5,1e7))
>>   user  system elapsed
>>   1.87    0.45    2.37
>>
>>> all.equal(X1,X2)
>> [1] TRUE
>>
>>> system.time(X1 <- gl(5,100,1e7))
>>   user  system elapsed
>>   5.98    0.05    6.05
>>
>>> system.time(X2 <- gl2(5,100,1e7))
>>   user  system elapsed
>>   0.21    0.03    0.25
>>
>>> all.equal(X1,X2)
>> [1] TRUE
>>
>>> system.time(X1 <- gl(5,100,1e7,labels=letters[1:5]))
>>   user  system elapsed
>>   5.88    0.02    5.98
>>
>>> system.time(X2 <- gl2(5,100,1e7,labels=letters[1:5]))
>>   user  system elapsed
>>   0.20    0.05    0.25
>>
>>> all.equal(X1,X2)
>> [1] TRUE
>>
>>> system.time(X1 <- gl(5,100,1e7,labels=letters[1:5],ordered=T))
>>   user  system elapsed
>>   5.82    0.03    5.89
>>
>>> system.time(X2 <- gl2(5,100,1e7,labels=letters[1:5],ordered=T))
>>   user  system elapsed
>>   0.22    0.04    0.25
>>
>>> all.equal(X1,X2)
>> [1] TRUE
>>
>> reference to SO :
>> http://stackoverflow.com/questions/5627264/how-can-i-efficiently-construct-a-very-long-factor-with-few-levels
>>
>> --
>> Joris Meys
>> Statistical consultant
>>
>> Ghent University
>> Faculty of Bioscience Engineering
>> Department of Applied mathematics, biometrics and process control
>>
>> tel : +32 9 264 59 87
>> Joris.Meys_at_Ugent.be
>> -------------------------------
>> Disclaimer : http://helpdesk.ugent.be/e-maildisclaimer.php
>>
>> ______________________________________________
>> R-devel_at_r-project.org mailing list
>> https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-devel
>
> --
> Peter Dalgaard
> Center for Statistics, Copenhagen Business School
> Solbjerg Plads 3, 2000 Frederiksberg, Denmark
> Phone: (+45)38153501
> Email: pd.mes_at_cbs.dk  Priv: PDalgd_at_gmail.com
>
>

-- 
Joris Meys
Statistical consultant

Ghent University
Faculty of Bioscience Engineering
Department of Applied mathematics, biometrics and process control

tel : +32 9 264 59 87
Joris.Meys_at_Ugent.be
-------------------------------
Disclaimer : http://helpdesk.ugent.be/e-maildisclaimer.php

______________________________________________
R-devel_at_r-project.org mailing list
https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-devel
Received on Tue 12 Apr 2011 - 08:36:26 GMT

Archive maintained by Robert King, hosted by the discipline of statistics at the University of Newcastle, Australia.
Archive generated by hypermail 2.2.0, at Tue 12 Apr 2011 - 13:30:45 GMT.

Mailing list information is available at https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-devel. Please read the posting guide before posting to the list.

list of date sections of archive