# Re: [Rd] duplicates() function

From: Petr Savicky <savicky_at_cs.cas.cz>
Date: Tue, 12 Apr 2011 15:26:49 +0200

On Mon, Apr 11, 2011 at 02:05:11PM -0400, Duncan Murdoch wrote:
> On 08/04/2011 11:39 AM, Joshua Ulrich wrote:
> >On Fri, Apr 8, 2011 at 10:15 AM, Duncan Murdoch
> ><murdoch.duncan_at_gmail.com> wrote:
> >> On 08/04/2011 11:08 AM, Joshua Ulrich wrote:
> >>>
> >>> How about:
> >>>
> >>> y<- rep(NA,length(x))
> >>> y[duplicated(x)]<- match(x[duplicated(x)] ,x)
> >>
> >> That's a nice solution for vectors. Unfortunately for me, I have a
> >matrix
> >> (which duplicated() handles by checking whole rows). So a better
> >example
> >> that I should have posted would be
> >>
> >> x<- cbind(1, c(9,7,9,3,7) )
> >>
> >> and I'd still like the same output
> >>
> >For a matrix, could you apply the same strategy used in duplicated()?
> >
> >y<- rep(NA,NROW(x))
> >temp<- apply(x, 1, function(x) paste(x, collapse="\r"))
> >y[duplicated(temp)]<- match(temp[duplicated(temp)], temp)
>
> Since this thread hasn't ended, I will say that I think this solution is
> the best I've seen for my specific problem. I was actually surprised
> that duplicated() did the string concatenation trick, but since it does,
> it makes a lot of sense to do the same in duplicates().

Consistency with duplicated() is a good argument.

Let me point out, although it goes beyond the original question, that sorting may be used to compute duplicated() in a way, which is more efficient than the paste() approach according to the test below.

duplicatedSort <- function(df)
{

```      n <- nrow(df)
if (n == 1) {
return(FALSE)
} else {
s <- do.call(order, as.data.frame(df))
equal <- df[s[2:n], , drop=FALSE] == df[s[1:(n-1)], , drop=FALSE]
dup <- c(FALSE, rowSums(equal) == ncol(df))
return(dup[order(s)])
}
```

}

The following tests efficiency for a character matrix.

```  m <- 1000
n <- 4
a <- matrix(as.character(sample(10, m*n, replace=TRUE)), nrow=m, ncol=n)
```
system.time(out1 <- duplicatedSort(a))   system.time(out2 <- duplicated(a))
identical(out1, out2)
table(out1)

I obtained, for example,

user system elapsed
0.003 0.000 0.003

user system elapsed
0.012 0.000 0.011

[1] TRUE   out1
FALSE TRUE
942 58

For a numeric matrix, the ratio of the running times is larger in the same direction.

Petr Savicky.

R-devel_at_r-project.org mailing list
https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-devel Received on Tue 12 Apr 2011 - 13:29:45 GMT

Archive maintained by Robert King, hosted by the discipline of statistics at the University of Newcastle, Australia.
Archive generated by hypermail 2.2.0, at Tue 12 Apr 2011 - 15:15:44 GMT.

Mailing list information is available at https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-devel. Please read the posting guide before posting to the list.