Re: [Rd] FW: [Rcpp-devel] Question on 5.6 Interfacing C++ code

From: Martin Maechler <maechler_at_stat.math.ethz.ch>
Date: Sat, 23 Apr 2011 11:56:12 +0200

>>>>> Simon Urbanek <simon.urbanek_at_r-project.org> >>>>> on Thu, 21 Apr 2011 10:57:19 -0400 writes:

    > On Apr 21, 2011, at 10:52 AM, Sean Robert McGuffee wrote:

    >> Thanks,
    >> That's great, but I don't know how to determine what foo is.

    > It's the name of your package.

    >> How do I declare the name of the package?     >>

    > in DESCRIPTION:
    > Package: name

    > and the directory of your package has to have the same name -

that is no longer true ( since .. rough guess ... about two years).
And that's actually quite an important feature to me. E.g., I can have a directory, say lme4_MM_2001-04-18/ with a "particularly hacked" version version, and then simply do

    R CMD check lme4_MM_2001-04-18
which will install and check it in lme4_MM_2001-04-18.Rcheck/

    > please do read
    > http://r.research.att.com/man/R-exts.html#Creating-R-packages

so indeed, we should cancel the sentence

   The package subdirectory should be given the same name as the package. in there, or maybe rather replace it by

   The package subdirectory typically has the same name as the package.

Martin

    > Cheers,
    > Simon

    >> 
    >> On 4/21/11 7:16 AM, "Duncan Murdoch" <murdoch.duncan_at_gmail.com>
    >> wrote:
    >> 
    >>> On 11-04-20 11:33 AM, Sean Robert McGuffee wrote:

>>>> Hi, apparently I sent my question about using R and C++ to
>>>> the wrong list, ironically seeing as that list was called
>>>> Rcpp. Anyway, I was directed to post my question here. To
>>>> summarize my current question, I have found two commands that
>>>> I want to be able to put into a package. The commands are 'R
>>>> CMD SHLIB X.cc X_main.cc' and
>>>> 'dyn.load(paste("X",.Platform$dynlib.ext,sep="")),' which I
>>>> would like to run when my package is installed and maybe have
>>>> the second command run again when my package is to be
>>>> used. I've been trying to figure out the documentation and
>>>> learn through examples, but I'm just not getting it and have
>>>> been trying for weeks. Does anyone on this site have any
>>>> suggestions for me?
    >>> 
    >>> Assuming those lines work on their own, just do the following:
    >>> 
    >>> 1.  Put those *.cc files into the src directory of your
    >>> package.  (You may need to create it.)
    >>> 
    >>> 2.  Put useDynLib(foo) into the NAMESPACE file of your foo
    >>> package.
    >>> 
    >>> 3.  Call those functions using .C("X", args, PACKAGE="foo").
    >>> 
    >>> That's it.
    >>> 
    >>> Duncan Murdoch
    >>> 

>>>> Thanks, Sean
>>>>
>>>> |On 20 April 2011 at 10:20, Sean Robert McGuffee wrote:
>>>> |
>>>> |
>>>> | Hi, thanks!
>>>> |
>>>> |>On 4/20/11 10:03 AM, "Steve
>>>> Lianoglou"<mailinglist.honeypot_at_gmail.com> wrote: |> Hi,
>>>> |>
>>>> |> On Wed, Apr 20, 2011 at 9:49 AM, Sean Robert McGuffee |>
>>>> <sean.mcguffee_at_gmail.com> wrote: |>> Hi, I have a quick
>>>> couple of questions about some of the documentation on |>>
>>>> the web page:
>>>> |>>
>>>> http://cran.r-project.org/doc/manuals/R-exts.html#Linking-GUIs-and-other-fro
>>>> n |>> t_002dends-to-R |>> under the heading: |>> 5.6
>>>> Interfacing C++ code
>>>> |>>
>>>> |>> Question 1: |>> If I’m at a terminal, I can type the
>>>> instructions they suggest: |>> R CMD SHLIB X.cc X_main.cc |>>
>>>> If I wanted a package to do this, how would I tell the
>>>> package to do that |>> same thing?
>>>> |>
>>>> |> Just to make sure we're all on the same page, you want an
>>>> R package to |> compile some source code into a shared
>>>> library/dll from inside R?
>>>> |>
>>>> |> Not sure if there's a "baked in" way for that to happen,
>>>> but maybe you |> can invoke `R CMD WHATEVER` from inside R
>>>> using the `system` function:
>>>> |>
>>>> |> R> ?system
>>>> |>
>>>> |
>>>> | ok, so where in the package would I put the system call in
>>>> the package to | have it run when installing the package?
>>>>
    >>>>> You don't. As I said, 'R CMD INSTALL' et all do that.
    >>>>> Download an existing package with source, install it.  Study
    >>>>> its sources, study the 'Writing R Extensions' manual.  Ask
    >>>>> on r-devel.  Basic R questions are off-topic here.

>>>>
>>>> |>> Would I use the same command and just include it in a
>>>> file somewhere in the |>> package? |>> If so, which file?
>>>> |>
>>>> |> Hmm ... I'm curious what you're trying to do, exactly?
>>>> |
>>>> | I'm trying to figure out how take commands such as " R CMD
>>>> SHLIB X.cc | X_main.cc" followed by "dyn.load(paste("X",
>>>> .Platform$dynlib.ext, sep = | ""))," which are commands I can
>>>> get to work for myself as a human | interactively, and put
>>>> the commands into a package to be automatically run | when
>>>> installing the package. I mean, it's great if I can compile a
>>>> c++ file | and then use it inside R, but I'm only doing that
>>>> so I can let other people | do that via a package. As much as
>>>> I read this documentation, I keep missing
>>>>
    >>>>> Again, I like working from an existing, working package. As
    >>>>> I said, there are almost 1000 to pick from.  Please direct
    >>>>> follow-ups that have no bearing on Rcpp to r-devel.  Dirk

>>>>
>>>> I've tried to figure this out for weeks by looking at other
>>>> packages and reading the confusing and nonintegrated
>>>> documentation, but it hasn't taught me how to put the two
>>>> commands into a package so that they are run when the package
>>>> is installed. I'm simply trying to find out where in my
>>>> package I should put the commands 'R CMD SHLIB X.cc
>>>> X_main.cc' and
>>>> 'dyn.load(paste("X",.Platform$dynlib.ext,sep="")),' in order
>>>> to have them run when my package is installed.
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> | the connections between the different sections. This is a
>>>> section I am | loving because it works very well. Thus, I
>>>> want to figure out how to take | the baby steps I'm doing and
>>>> combine them into a package. Specifically, I | want to take
>>>> these two commands and insert them into a package so that
>>>> these | commands will compile my code and make a dynamic
>>>> ".so" file where R can | access its functions when others
>>>> install my package.
>>>> |
>>>> |>
>>>> |>> Question 2: |>> dyn.load(paste("X", .Platform$dynlib.ext,
>>>> sep = ""))
>>>> |>>
>>>> |>> Where does .Platform$dynlib.ext come from? |>> What does
>>>> it mean? |>> What do it’s components .Platform and $dynlib
>>>> and .ext mean?
>>>> |>
>>>> |> .Platform is lust a normal list -- it is defined
>>>> internally (I guess). |> You can access "named" elements of
>>>> a list with `$`.
>>>> |>
>>>> |> .Platform$dynlyb (or .Platform[['dynlib']]) tells you the
>>>> extension |> your particular system uses for shared
>>>> libraries:
>>>> |>
>>>> |> R> .Platform |> $OS.type |> [1] "unix"
>>>> |>
>>>> |> $file.sep |> [1] "/"
>>>> |>
>>>> |> $dynlib.ext |> [1] ".so"
>>>> |>
>>>> |> $GUI |> [1] "X11"
>>>> |>
>>>> |> $endian |> [1] "little"
>>>> |>
>>>> |> $pkgType |> [1] "mac.binary.leopard"
>>>> |>
>>>> |> $path.sep |> [1] ":"
>>>> |>
>>>> |> $r_arch |> [1] "x86_64"
>>>> |>
>>>> |> See ?.Platform for more help.
>>>> |
>>>> | Ah, thanks, that clarifies exactly what
>>>> .Platform$dynlib.ext is, it's ".so" | on my system.
>>>> |
>>>> | This, the dyn.load(paste("X", .Platform$dynlib.ext, sep =
>>>> "")) is equivalent | to the command dyn.load("X.so) which now
>>>> makes sense in that context!
>>>> |
>>>> |
>>>> | _______________________________________________ |
>>>> Rcpp-devel mailing list |
>>>> Rcpp-devel_at_lists.r-forge.r-project.org |
>>>> https://lists.r-forge.r-project.org/cgi-bin/mailman/listinfo/rcpp-devel
>>>>
    >>> 
    >> 
    >> ______________________________________________
    >> R-devel_at_r-project.org mailing list
    >> https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-devel
    >> 
    >> 

    > ______________________________________________
    > R-devel_at_r-project.org mailing list     > https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-devel

R-devel_at_r-project.org mailing list
https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-devel Received on Sat 23 Apr 2011 - 10:11:59 GMT

Archive maintained by Robert King, hosted by the discipline of statistics at the University of Newcastle, Australia.
Archive generated by hypermail 2.2.0, at Sat 23 Apr 2011 - 16:51:11 GMT.

Mailing list information is available at https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-devel. Please read the posting guide before posting to the list.

list of date sections of archive