Re: [Rd] mtext adj= wrong with several las= (PR#7188)

From: Uwe Ligges <ligges_at_statistik.uni-dortmund.de>
Date: Tue 24 Aug 2004 - 18:08:03 EST

Paul Murrell wrote:

> Hi
> 
> 
> Uwe Ligges wrote:
> 

>> ligges@statistik.uni-dortmund.de wrote:
>>
>>> joehl@gmx.de wrote:
>>>
>>>
>>>> Dear all,
>>>> Our quite basic function mtext() does wrong adjustments in some
>>>> parameter
>>>> configurations. This gets obvious when using multi line texts: There
>>>> is no
>>>> way to properly adjust text perpendicular to axis 2, for example.
>>>>
>>>> Best
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> Jens Oehlschlägel
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> m <- matrix(1:9, 3)
>>>> colnames(m) <- c("several\nlines", "several\nlines", "several\nlines")
>>>>
>>>> par(mfrow=c(2,2))
>>>> barplot(m, horiz=TRUE, axes=FALSE, axisnames=FALSE, main="las=0
>>>> adj=0.5 is
>>>> fine")
>>>> mtext(colnames(m), 2, at=seq(0.5+0.2, by=1+0.2, length=3), las=0,
>>>> adj=0.5)
>>>> barplot(m, horiz=TRUE, axes=FALSE, axisnames=FALSE, main="las=0
>>>> adj=1 is
>>>> different")
>>>> mtext(colnames(m), 2, at=seq(0.5+0.2, by=1+0.2, length=3), las=0,
>>>> adj=1)
>>>> barplot(m, horiz=TRUE, axes=FALSE, axisnames=FALSE, main="las=1
>>>> adj=0.5 is
>>>> NOT fine")
>>>> mtext(colnames(m), 2, at=seq(0.5+0.2, by=1+0.2, length=3), las=1,
>>>> adj=0.5)
>>>> barplot(m, horiz=TRUE, axes=FALSE, axisnames=FALSE, main="at las=1,
>>>> adj=1
>>>> works the wrong direction", sub="no way to get adj=c(1, 0.5) with
>>>> las=1 (or
>>>> 2)")
>>>> mtext(colnames(m), 2, at=seq(0.5+0.2, by=1+0.2, length=3), las=1,
>>>> adj=1)
>>>> par(mfrow=c(1,1))
>>>>
>>>
>>>
>>> Left / right adjustemnt seems to be perfectly OK.
>>> The thing that matters is centering "several lines" to the specified
>>> ("at=") location.
>>> In fact, mtext() is not centering but bottom-aligning by adding a
>>> negative distance that looks OK for one line in the default font
>>> size, but not in most other cases.
>>>
>>> Hence this is the same as Paul Murrell's PR#1659 ("mtext() alignment
>>> of perpendicular text"). Fixing this, and/or improving mtext()'s
>>> "adj" argument to accept 2 dimensions is desirable, but might be not
>>> that easy... I'll take a look during the next days, but nothing
>>> promised.
>>>
>>> Uwe Ligges
>>
>>
>>
>>
>> Having looked into the code, there are three possible solution (all with
>> some drawbacks) I can see. Well, the current argument "adj" becomes
>> "xadj" in the C sources (graphics.c, GMtext), and "yadj" is set to 0.
>> Hence the ugly hard coded LineBias of 0.3.
>>
>>
>> Solutions
>> =========
>> 1: Hardcode "yadj" to 0.5 and remove all those 0.3 biases. Looks good
>> for axes, but it might break some code --> bad.
>> On the other hand, GMMathText has hardcoded yadj=0.5. Is there a
>> problem with some special devices? Or any other reason not to center
>> stuff using "adj=0.5"?
>>
>> 2: Allow the typical 2-value adj, take the first as xadj, the second one
>> as yadj. This might break some code, because currently adj of
>> arbitrary length (!=0) is allowed and recycled.
>>
>> 3: Invent an argument "padj" for mtext() that represents adjustment
>> *p*erpendicular to the text direction and gets mapped to "yadj" in
>> GMtext. In that case the hardcoded 0.3 bias mentioned above can be
>> removed. The question is whether to set the default to 0.5 (will still
>> break code, but easily to fix by setting padj to 0).
>>
>> I'd like to propose the third solution and would be happy to provide a
>> patch of GMText, including corresponding patches to GMMathText, as
>> well as mtext(), title() and axis() (and their inderlying do_*
>> components).
>>
>> Are there any objections? Any reasons not to do it?
> 
> 
> 
> It hurts my head to think about this stuff.  There are so many 
> combinations to worry about:
> (i)   The las setting
> (ii)  The axis (bottom, left, top, right)
> (iii) Whether adj has been specified
> (iv)  Whether the text is multi-line
> 
> I think mtext() does ok as long as adj is not specified and the text is 
> single-line.

Unfortunately it does *not* (using axis() here for simplicity):

   plot(1:10)
   axis(3, cex.axis=5, las=2)

> I would suggest addressing the multi-line problem for unspecified adj as 
> a first step.  And I will definitely not mourn the passing of the 0.3 
> constant.  Setting yadj to 0.5 is not enough though because that doesn't 
> make sense for multi-line text that is parallel to an axis (in that 
> case, yadj should probably be 0 for axis 2 and 3 and 1 for axis 1 and 4; 
>  did I mention that there are lots of combinations to worry about?).

I think most of the stuff is already quite pretty. The point is whether we are going to distinguish cases for (p)adj={0,0.5,1} automatically or not. If the latter, we can omit several of the cases mentioned above in (i)-(iv). I think - as the first step - we should set the default to center (note that text() does so as well), and let the user change padj for multi-line text as required.

I'll try to provide a collection of patches as a proposal within, say, two weeks.

Uwe

> For user-specified adj, I agree that a 2-value adj is not a good 
> solution (adj is assumed to be horizontal adjustment) so maybe a padj 
> would be best to allow user control of vertical alignment.
 >
> Paul

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https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-devel Received on Tue Aug 24 18:10:01 2004

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