Re: [Rd] Problem with _new_ if class "lm" in object representation.

From: John Chambers <jmc_at_research.bell-labs.com>
Date: Thu 30 Sep 2004 - 04:16:11 EST

Wolski wrote:
>
> Hi!
> Consider this code.
>
> setClass("Ctest"
> ,representation(
> test="character"
> ,bla="character"
> ,mod="lm"
> )
> )
>
> new("Ctest",test="bla") #This produces an error.
>
> #Error in validObject(.Object) : Invalid "Ctest" object: Invalid object for slot "mod" in class "Ctest": got class "NULL", should be or extend class "lm"

And the error message is correct. Since "lm" is an S3 class, there is no way to generate an object automatically from it. new("lm") will also produce an error.

If you want objects to be generated from your class with a default "lm" object, you have to first decide what that is. Assuming you know, you need to either put that element into the protoype for the class, or have a method for initialize() that does something sensible, using the rest of the data in the object.

The prototype solution could look something like:

R> lm0 = lm(1~1)
R> setClass("Ctest", representation(test = "character",

    bla = "character", mod = "lm"), prototype=prototype(mod = lm0)) R> new("Ctest", test="bla")
An object of class "Ctest"
Slot "test":
[1] "bla"

Slot "bla":
character(0)

Slot "mod":

Call:
lm(formula = 1 ~ 1)

Coefficients:
(Intercept)

          1

There is no automatic relation between the class "lm" and the function lm(). The green book recommends having a generator function, but the R code can't assume this has been done.

>
> setClass("Ctest"
> ,representation(
> test="character"
> ,bla="character"
> ,mod="character" # its the only with the class definition above.
> )
> )
> new("Ctest",test="bla") #this works as I would expect.
>
> #An object of class "Ctest"
> #Slot "test":
> #[1] "bla"
> #
> #Slot "bla":
> #character(0)
> #
> #Slot "mod":
> #character(0)
>
> Thought that this is due to that the class lm has no lm(0) object. Hence i tried
>
> setClass("brum",representation(brum="brum"))
> setClass("Ctest"
> ,representation(
> test="character"
> ,bla="character"
> ,mod="brum" # its the only with the class definition above.
> )
> )
>
> new("Ctest",test="best") #but this works to.
>
> ______________________________________________
> R-devel@stat.math.ethz.ch mailing list
> https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-devel

-- 
John M. Chambers                  jmc@bell-labs.com
Bell Labs, Lucent Technologies    office: (908)582-2681
700 Mountain Avenue, Room 2C-282  fax:    (908)582-3340
Murray Hill, NJ  07974            web: http://www.cs.bell-labs.com/~jmc

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Received on Thu Sep 30 04:21:50 2004

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