Re: [Rd] R 2.0.0: namespaces, S4 classes & versioned package installation: failure to resolve correct pkg version

From: Prof Brian Ripley <ripley_at_stats.ox.ac.uk>
Date: Sun 24 Oct 2004 - 15:47:38 EST


The first issue here is that

library("stats4_2.0.0")

is incorrect: the package name is "stats4". You meant, I hope,

library("stats4", version="2.0.0")

and the methods package is correctly using "stats4" as the package name. The idea of versioned installs is that only the package name is changed, so that binary versions of packages can be installed as is or under the version name.

Those who implemented this have not envisaged situations such as you describe. For example, require("stats4") requires an unversioned load if possible, even though there may already be a versioned install loaded, and as.environment("package:stats4") fails since search() is reporting package:stats4_2.0.0. Because this has not been thought through, some functions require decorated package names and some do not.

Because versioning of namespaces is not implemented, using versioned installs and import/export with namespaces is broken in 2.0.0 (but will work up to a point in 2.0.1).

> For ensuring long term reproducible results we so far have used the
> versioned package maintenance concept and certaily would like to
> continue doing so.

I really don't understand that. R packages are _always_ versioned. You only need versioned installs if you want to install two versions into the same library (or load into the same session, but the latter is not supported and was said originally not to be a goal). Some of us have for many years just used separate libraries, which does work.

On Wed, 6 Oct 2004, Matthias Burger wrote:

>
> Hi,
>
> further down from the problem I asked about yesterday I encounter the following
> problem (please appologize for the lengthy mail - I have not found a brief example
> making the issue clear):
>
> - using R packages making use of namespaces &
> - S4 classes
> when using
> --with-package-versions in the install call:
>
> Pkgs install ok and the first pkg 'base' can be loaded in R (2.0.0) ok but
> loading a second pkg 'algo' that defines classes derived from 'base'
> fails as 'algo' searches for 'base' in the search path without the version
> extension. The problem does not occur if installed wo --with-package-versions
> option.
>
> The traceback of the actual call is given below, but there is no simple
> reproducible example I have come up with yet.
>
> An reproducible case that might be of some help and give some further insights:
> I installed stats4 from the R-source-tree/src/library
> with --with-package-versions
>
> In R
> >library("stats4_2.0.0")
> >search()
> [1] ".GlobalEnv" "package:stats4_2.0.0" "package:stats"
> [4] "package:graphics" "package:grDevices" "package:RUnit_0.4.0"
> [7] "package:methods" "Autoloads" "package:base"
>
> carrel>obj <- new("mle")
> Loading required package: stats4
>
> Attaching package 'stats4':
>
>
> The following object(s) are masked from package:stats4_2.0.0 :
>
> mle
> >class(obj)
> [1] "mle"
> attr(,"package")
> [1] "stats4"
>
>
> as far as i could understand the problem lies in the 'package' attribute not
> being set to package + version string.
>
> In the call sequence
> new -> getClass -> getClassDef: here .requirePackage(package)
> is called where package is retrieved from package = packageSlot(Class)
>
> Is this speculation correct or did I make a mistake somewhere else?
> Is there any way to teach methods to look for the classes in the versioned
> package in the search path?
> Or is this just asking more than can be achieved with the current methods
> implementation?
>
> Any help or suggestion is greatly appreciated.
>
>
> Regards,
>
> Matthhias
>
>
> Motivation:
> For ensuring long term reproducible results we so far have used the versioned
> package maintenance concept and certaily would like to continue doing so.
>
>
> traceback:
> library("EpiR.algo_1.4.0")
> Loading required package: EpiR.base
> Error in as.environment(pkg) : no item called "package:EpiR.base" in the search list
> In addition: Warning message:
> replacing previous import: filter in: namespaceImportFrom(self, asNamespace(ns))
>
> Call Stack:
> 1 : library("EpiR.algo_1.4.0")
> 2 : try({
> 3 : loadNamespace(package, c(which.lib.loc, lib.loc))
> 4 : sys.source(codeFile, env, keep.source = keep.source)
> 5 : eval(i, envir)
> 6 : eval(expr, envir, enclos)
> 7 : .defineRankingClass(where = .where)
> 8 : setClass("Ranking", representation("VIRTUAL", rowGroup = "Grouping",
> colGroup = "Grouping"), prototype(rowGroup = newGrouping(), colGroup =
> newGrouping()), vali
> 9 : makeClassRepresentation(Class, properties, superClasses, prototype,
> package, validity, access, version, sealed, where = where)
> 10 : prototype(rowGroup = newGrouping(), colGroup = newGrouping())
> 11 : .prototype(...)
> 12 : newGrouping()
> 13 : new("Grouping")
> 14 : initialize(value, ...)
> 15 : initialize(value, ...)
> 16 : "@<-"(`*tmp*`, valid, value = TRUE)
> 17 : "slot<-"(object, name, TRUE, value)
> 18 : checkSlotAssignment(object, name, value)
> 19 : getClass(class(obj))
> 20 : .requirePackage(package)
> 21 : .asEnvironmentPackage(package)
> Error in library("EpiR.algo_1.4.0") : package/namespace load failed
>
>
> info: class Grouping is defined in EpiR.base and used for slot rowGroup,
> newGrouping is a simple wrapper to new("Grouping") providing some meaningful
> defaults.
>
>

-- 
Brian D. Ripley,                  ripley@stats.ox.ac.uk
Professor of Applied Statistics,  http://www.stats.ox.ac.uk/~ripley/
University of Oxford,             Tel:  +44 1865 272861 (self)
1 South Parks Road,                     +44 1865 272866 (PA)
Oxford OX1 3TG, UK                Fax:  +44 1865 272595

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Received on Sun Oct 24 15:53:19 2004

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