[Rd] calling optif0 in a C function

From: Emmanuel Paradis <paradis_at_isem.univ-montp2.fr>
Date: Sat 19 Feb 2005 - 01:07:40 EST

Dear All,

I am trying to use the function optif0 (in main/uncmin.c) from the latest R distribution. The reason is that I have a quite complicated likelihood function which is coded in C, and I would like to optimize it directly.

To see how this works, I have tried with a very simple example: optimizing the likelihood of a sample using an exponential distribution. I have tried several solutions but none worked. I paste below the functions that come the closest to what should work. The compilation is fine and the call from R too. It seems that the call to optif0 does not do anything whereas everything else works.

It seems that I miss something simple... Any suggestion will be welcome. I use R 2.0.1 and GCC 3.3.4.

Best regards,

Emmanuel Paradis

#include <R.h>
#include <Rmath.h>
#include <R_ext/Applic.h>
#include "ape.h"

/* Here is the content of ape.h: */

typedef struct {

   int *n;
   double *x;
} TITI; static void fcn_expo(int, double *, double *, TITI *);
/* end of ape.h */

void lik_expo(int *n, double *x, double *l, double *loglik) {
/* computes the likelihood */

   int i;
   *loglik = 0;
   for (i = 0; i < *n; i++)
     *loglik += log(*l) - *l * x[i];

static void fcn_expo(int np, double *p, double *sol, TITI *D) {
/* computes the deviance to be minimized */

   double loglik;
   lik_expo(D->n, D->x, p, &loglik);
   *sol = -2 * loglik;

void nlm_expo(int *n, double *x, double *l, double *dev) {
/* the function called from R */

   int *itrmcd, *np, term_code, N;
   double *xpls, *fpls, *gpls, est, sol, grad, *a, *wrk;    TITI *D, data;
   extern void fcn_expo(int, double *, double *, TITI *);

   N = 1;
   np = &N;
   D = &data;
   D->n = n;
   D->x = x;
   itrmcd = &term_code;

   xpls = &est;
   fpls = &sol;
   gpls = &grad;

   a = (double*)malloc(*np * *np * sizeof(double));    wrk = (double*)malloc(*np * 9 * sizeof(double));    optif0(*np, *np, l, (fcn_p) fcn_expo, D,

         xpls, fpls, gpls, itrmcd, a, wrk);
   *l = *xpls;
   *dev = *fpls;

### Here is the R function that calls the C code: nlmexpo <- function(x)

     n <- length(x)
     l <- 1
     dev <- 0.1
     c1 <- c2 <- -8
     .C("nlm_expo", as.integer(n), as.double(x),
        as.double(l), as.double(dev),
        NAOK = TRUE, PACKAGE = "apex")


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https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-devel Received on Sat Feb 19 00:22:44 2005

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