Re: [R] creating a new variable, conditional on the value of an existing variable, selected conditionally

From: Henrique Dallazuanna <wwwhsd_at_gmail.com>
Date: Wed, 09 Jun 2010 17:49:43 -0300

Try this:

 f$E <- diag(as.matrix(f[f$D]))

On Wed, Jun 9, 2010 at 11:03 AM, Malcolm Fairbrother < m.fairbrother_at_bristol.ac.uk> wrote:

> Dear all,
>
> I have a data frame f, with four variables:
>
> f <- data.frame(A=c(0,0,1,1), B=c(0,1,0,1), C=c(1,1,0,1), D=c(3,1,2,3))
> f
> A B C D
> 1 0 0 1 3
> 2 0 1 1 1
> 3 1 0 0 2
> 4 1 1 1 3
>
> I want to create a new variable (f$E), such that each of its elements is
> drawn from either f$A, f$B, or f$C, according to the value (for each row) of
> f$D (values of which range from 1 to 3).
>
> In the first row, D is 3, so I want the value from the third variable (C),
> which for the first row is 1. In the second row, D is 1, so I want the value
> from the first variable (A), which for the second row is 0. And so forth,
> such that in the end my new data frame looks like:
>
> A B C D E
> 1 0 0 1 3 1
> 2 0 1 1 1 0
> 3 1 0 0 2 0
> 4 1 1 1 3 1
>
> My question is: How do I do this for a much larger dataset, where my "index
> variable" (f$D in this example) actually indexes a much larger number of
> variables (not just three)?
>
> I know that in principle I could do this with a long series of nested
> ifelse statements (as below), but I assume there is some less cumbersome
> option, and I'd like to know what it is. Any help would be much appreciated.
> Apologies if I'm missing something obvious.
>
> f$E <- ifelse(f$D==3, f$C, ifelse(f$D==2, f$B, f$A))
>
> Thanks,
> Malcolm
>
> ______________________________________________
> R-help_at_r-project.org mailing list
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> PLEASE do read the posting guide
> http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html
> and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible code.
>

-- 
Henrique Dallazuanna
Curitiba-Paraná-Brasil
25° 25' 40" S 49° 16' 22" O

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______________________________________________ R-help_at_r-project.org mailing list https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help PLEASE do read the posting guide http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible code.

Received on Wed 09 Jun 2010 - 20:54:17 GMT

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