Re: [R] questions on some operators in R

From: David Winsemius <>
Date: Wed, 16 Jun 2010 18:55:12 -0400

On Jun 16, 2010, at 6:33 PM, li li wrote:

> Hi all,
> I have two questions. Can some one give some help?
> The first question is regarding the pair of operators "&" and
> "&&". What
> is the
> difference between the two?

& operates on vectors, returns a vector

&& operates on the first item in each argument. Retruns a value and a warning if either of the arguments of of length > 1.

> The second question is regarding "<-" and "=". Usually we use
> "<-" as the assignment operator. I saw some people use "=". Is there
> any difference between the two.
Yes. Many discussions in the archives. will be more erudite and accurate than mine. "=" is preferred for assigning values in argument lists. "<-" is preferred for assignment to objects. Generally the differences do not matter but there are exceptions.


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Received on Wed 16 Jun 2010 - 22:58:37 GMT

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