Re: [Rd] import question

From: Ben Bolker <>
Date: Thu, 24 Mar 2011 18:47:05 +0000

Prof Brian Ripley <ripley <at>> writes:

> On Thu, 24 Mar 2011, Ben Bolker wrote:
> > Ben Bolker <bbolker <at>> writes:
> >
> >>
> >>

> >> I have been struggling all day to import a particular function/method
> >> combination (ranef(), which extracts the random effects from a mixed
> >> model fit) from the nlme package into another package ... so far without
> >> success.
> >>
> >
> > Answered my own question, finally.
> >
> > Apparently an explicit
> >
> > export(ranef)

> >
> > is required, even though there is also an
> >
> > exportPattern("^[^\\.]")
> >
> > in the NAMESPACE file, which I would have thought would
> > export 'ranef' along with everything else ... ?
> It exports everything excpet dot-namesin the package's namespace.
> Imports are not in the namespace per se, but in the import environment
> (which is the enclosure of the namespace). Here is the actual code:
> for (p in nsInfo$exportPatterns)
> exports <- c(ls(env, pattern = p, all.names = TRUE), exports)
> So to re-export a function, you need to do so explicitly.
> It is consdered good practice not to use exportPattern() (at least,
> not for broadly defined patterns) in production code: see the current
> 'Writing R Extensions'. Otherwise things may change under you (what
> nlme exports has changed recently, hence what import(nlme) brings it
> has).

  Thank you.
  I will transition away from using exportPattern (although it seemed like a good quick and dirty solution to this testing problem).

  Please consider the following patch to R-exts ...

    Ben Bolker

 It is possible to export variables from a name space that it has -imported from other name spaces.

+imported from other name spaces (they need to be exported 
+using an explicit @code{export} directive;
+i.e. @code{exportPattern} will not work).

 If a package only needs a few objects from another package it can use a  fully qualified variable reference in the code instead of a formal mailing list Received on Thu 24 Mar 2011 - 18:50:59 GMT

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