# [R] lattice: wireframe "eats up" points; how to make points on wireframe visible?

From: Marius Hofert <m_hofert_at_web.de>
Date: Fri, 04 Mar 2011 09:17:47 +0100

I would like to add two points to a wireframe plot. The points have (x,y,z) coordinates where z is determined to be on the wireframe [same z-value]. Now something strange happens. One point is perfectly plotted, the other isn't shown at all. It only appears if I move it upwards in z-direction by adding a positive number. So somehow it disappears in the wireframe-surface *although* the plot symbol [the cross] has a positive length in each dimension [I also chose cex=5 to make it large enough so that it should (theoretically) be visible].

My wireframe plot is a complicated function which I cannot post here. Below is a minimal example, however, it didn't show the same problem [the surface is too nice I guess]. I therefore *artifically* create the problem in the example below so that you know what I mean. For one of the points, I subtract an epsilon [=0.25] in z-direction and suddenly the point completely disappears. The strange thing is that the point is not even "under" the surface [use the screen-argument to rotate the wireframe plot to check this], it's simply gone, eaten up by the surface.

How can I make the two points visible?
I also tried to use the alpha-argument to make the wireframe transparent, but I couldn't solve the problem.

Cheers,

Marius

PS: One also faces this problem for example if one wants to make points visible that are on "opposite sides" of the wireframe.

library(lattice)

f <- function(x) 1/((1-x[1])*(1-x[2])+1)

u <- seq(0, 1, length.out=20)
grid <- expand.grid(x=u, y=u)

```x <- grid[,1]
y <- grid[,2]
z <- apply(grid, 1, f)

```

pt.x <- c(0.2, 0.5)
pt.y <- c(0.6, 0.8)
eps <- 0.25
pts <- rbind(c(pt.x, f(pt.x)-eps), c(pt.y, f(pt.y))) # points to add to the wireframe

```          panel.3d.wireframe = function(x,y,z,xlim,ylim,zlim,xlim.scaled,
ylim.scaled,zlim.scaled,pts,...){
panel.3dwire(x=x, y=y, z=z, xlim=xlim, ylim=ylim, zlim=zlim,
xlim.scaled=xlim.scaled, ylim.scaled=ylim.scaled,
zlim.scaled=zlim.scaled, ...)
panel.3dscatter(x=pts[,1], y=pts[,2], z=pts[,3],
xlim=xlim, ylim=ylim, zlim=zlim,
xlim.scaled=xlim.scaled, ylim.scaled=ylim.scaled,
zlim.scaled=zlim.scaled, type="p", col=c(2,3),
cex=1.8, .scale=TRUE, ...)
}, key=list(x=0.5, y=0.95, points=list(col=c(2,3)),
text=list(c("Point 1", "Point 2")),
cex=1, align=TRUE, transparent=TRUE))

______________________________________________
```
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