# Re: [R] rowSums - am I getting something wrong?

From: Ivan Calandra <ivan.calandra_at_uni-hamburg.de>
Date: Mon, 07 Mar 2011 10:11:05 +0100

Hi Tom,

That's once again the floating point number issue: see FAQ 7.31. Look at this:
sum(m[161,])
 1
sum(m[161,])==1
 FALSE
sum(m[161,])-1
 2.220446e-16

So 0.6+0.3+0.1 is indeed greater than 1

round(sum(m[161,]))==1
 TRUE HTH,
Ivan

Le 3/7/2011 08:08, Thomas.Salvesen_at_syngenta.com a écrit :
> I am trying to construct a data set with some sequences for example:
>
> a = seq(0,1,0.1)
>
> m = matrix(nrow = 1331, ncol = 3)
> m[,1] = rep(a,121)
> m[,2] = rep(a,11,each = 11)
> m[,3] = rep(a,1,each = 121)
>
> I realize that there may be better ways of doing this, but this approach demonstrates the problem I'm having.
>
> I then want to get the sum of the rows and delete any row with a sum of greater than 1. But have a problem with rows containing any combination of the values 0.6, 0.3 and 0.1 as the sum of these is clearly 1, but a request for which rows have a sum greater than 1 will return rows with these values. Row 161 is the first row containing these values:
>
> [161,] 0.6 0.3 0.1
>
> which(rowSum(m)>1)
>
>>  119 120 121 132 142 143 152 153 154 161 162
> As far as I can tell this only affects combinations of 0.6, 0.3 and 0.1 (though I haven't checked every value in the matrix)
>
> If I try the following:
>
> q=rowSums(m)
> which(q>1)
>
>>  119 120 121 132 142 143 152 153 154 161 162
> But if I add and subtract 1 from this:
>
> q=q+1
> q=q-1
> which(q>1)
>
>  119 120 121 132 142 143 152 153 154 162
>
> What exactly is going on here? I don't have the problem with other combinations (eg 0.7, 0.2, 0.1). I assume that there is something about the data format that I don't understand, but if I make a data frame of the matrix I found the same effect.
>
> Any help would be great
>
> Tom
>
>
>
>
>
>
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```--
Ivan CALANDRA
PhD Student
University of Hamburg
Biozentrum Grindel und Zoologisches Museum
Abt. Säugetiere
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D-20146 Hamburg, GERMANY
+49(0)40 42838 6231
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