# Re: [R] Adding text labels to lattice plots with multiple panels

From: Dennis Murphy <djmuser_at_gmail.com>
Date: Sat, 09 Apr 2011 06:21:13 -0700

Hi:

```f1 <- c(rep(c(rep("a", 3), rep("b", 3), rep("c", 3)), 2))
f2 <- c(rep("A", 9), rep("B", 9))
dv <- c(0.9, 0.8, 0.85, 0.6, 0.65, 0.7, 0.8, 0.85, 0.8, 0.95, 0.85,
```
0.9, 0.65, 0.7, 0.75, 0.85, 0.9, 0.85)
df <- data.frame(f1, f2, dv)
df\$lab <- rep(1:6, each = 3)

df\$lab2 <- ''
df\$lab2[seq(1, 16, by = 3)] <- 1:6 # adapt to your situation - seq(1, nrow(df) - 63, by = 64), perhaps

bwplot(dv ~ f1 | f2, data = df, ylim = c(0.5, 1),  panel = function(x, y, ..., subscripts) {    lab <- df\$lab2[subscripts]
panel.bwplot(x, y, ...)
panel.text(x, 0.55, labels = lab)
}
)

Alternatively, panel.text() takes an alpha = argument; for example,

bwplot(dv ~ f1 | f2, data = df, ylim = c(0.5, 1),  panel = function(x, y, ..., subscripts) {    lab <- df\$lab[subscripts]
panel.bwplot(x, y, ...)
panel.text(x, 0.55, labels = lab, alpha = 0.5)  }
)

You could toy with the value of alpha until something acceptable emerges. But as I said, there is probably a better solution and I'm happy to be educated if there is.

HTH,
Dennis

> Hi,
>
> Thanks for the work around, Dennis. My actual data set has 64
> replicates for each factor level combination (rather than the 3 in the
> example), so the overplotting is quite messy. Any ideas on how to
> avoid the overplotting?
>
> Jeff
>
>
> On Fri, Apr 8, 2011 at 7:32 PM, Dennis Murphy <djmuser_at_gmail.com> wrote:
> > Hi:
> >
> > After a number of false starts, I finally consulted Deepayan's book and
> the
> > example on p. 73, suitably adapted, yielded a solution. Add a variable
> for
> > the labels and then...
> >
> > df\$lab <- rep(1:6, each = 3)
> > bwplot(dv ~ f1 | f2, data = df, ylim = c(0.5, 1),
> > panel = function(x, y, ..., subscripts) {
> > lab <- df\$lab[subscripts]
> > panel.bwplot(x, y, ...)
> > panel.text(x, 0.55, labels = lab)
> > }
> > )
> >
> > If you look closely, you'll see that each label is overplotted three
> times.
> > A similar plot in ggplot2 would be
> >
> > library(ggplot2)
> > ggplot(df, aes(x = f1, y = dv)) + geom_boxplot() +
> > geom_text(aes(x = as.numeric(f1), lab = lab), y = 0.55, alpha = 0.5)
> +
> > facet_wrap( ~ f2) + ylim(0.5, 1)
> >
> > The alpha argument in geom_text() is designed to mitigate the
> overplotting
> > effect somewhat.
> >
> > HTH,
> > Dennis
> >
> >
> > On Fri, Apr 8, 2011 at 5:32 AM, Jeff Stevens <stev0175_at_googlemail.com>
> > wrote:
> >>
> >> Hi,
> >>
> >> I am trying to add text to the bottom of a lattice bwplot with
> >> multiple panels. I would like to add a label below each boxplot, but
> >> the labels do not come from the data. I've tried the following, code:
> >>
> >> f1 <- c(rep(c(rep("a", 3), rep("b", 3), rep("c", 3)), 2))
> >> f2 <- c(rep("A", 9), rep("B", 9))
> >> dv <- c(0.9, 0.8, 0.85, 0.6, 0.65, 0.7, 0.8, 0.85, 0.8, 0.95, 0.85,
> >> 0.9, 0.65, 0.7, 0.75, 0.85, 0.9, 0.85)
> >> df <- data.frame(f1, f2, dv)
> >> lab <- c(1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6)
> >>
> >> bwplot(dv ~ f1 | f2, data = df, ylim = c(0.5, 1),
> >> panel = function(x, y, ...) {
> >> panel.bwplot(x, y, ...)
> >> panel.text(x, 0.55, labels = lab)
> >> }
> >> )
> >>
> >> I have two problems. First, the label values are writing over one
> >> another. I wrote a horrible hack (below) that fixes that problem, but
> >> I would like to know if there are better/more flexible ways to do
> >> this.
> >>
> >> bwplot(dv ~ f1 | f2, data = df, ylim = c(0.5, 1),
> >> panel = function(x, y, ...) {
> >> x2 <- as.factor(c("a", "b", "c"))
> >> panel.bwplot(x, y, ...)
> >> panel.text(x2, 0.55, labels = lab)
> >> }
> >> )
> >>
> >> Second, when using the horrible hack the first values are repeated in
> >> the second panel. How do I display the correct values in the second
> >> panel? The subscripts argument seems to do the trick when the labels
> >> come from the data, but how do I get the proper values when the labels
> >> come from outside of the data?
> >>
> >>
> >> Many thanks,
> >> Jeff
> >>
> >> ______________________________________________
> >> R-help_at_r-project.org mailing list
> >> https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help
> >> http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html
> >> and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible code.
> >
> >
>
>
>
> --
> Jeff Stevens
> Center for Adaptive Behavior and Cognition
> Max Planck Institute for Human Development
> Lentzealle 94
> 14195 Berlin, Germany
>

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