# Re: [R] Selecting data from list object

From: Joshua Wiley <jwiley.psych_at_gmail.com>
Date: Wed, 06 Apr 2011 23:37:19 -0700

Hi Santosh,

Try this:

sapply(d, `[[`, i = 1)

To answer your question about "without using the apply functions", I think the answer is "not really". Data frames are a type of list, so if you can assume that it is reasonable to extract the same element from every element of your list, that is for j = 1, ... n list elements, and i = 1, ... , k elements in each list element j, if k is identical across all n list elements, then you can simply reshape the list into a (i, j) data frame and extract based on rows or columns. To the extent that all i may not exist in all j, attempting to extract the ith element from every j list element becomes questionable. You may know certain properties of your list (e.g., k varies across j, but k >= 4, so it would always be defined for 1 <= i <= 4), that make what you want to do logical and reliable, but there are not the general methods as in data frames, matrices, or arrays for extracting based on a particular dimension (all of row one, etc.). For some things you can use:

d[[c(1, 1)]]

which is equivalent to j = 1, i = 1. There is also list method for as.data.frame so in your example, you could do:

as.data.frame(d)

or

as.data.frame(d)[1, ]

so long as your data was conformable.

Cheers,

Josh

On Wed, Apr 6, 2011 at 11:14 PM, santosh <santosh.srinivas_at_gmail.com> wrote:
> Hello Group,
>
> Is there a simpler way to get data out of a list object? (like in data
> frame without using the apply functions)
>
> I have the following dataset
>
>> dput(d)
> list(c("20110405", "092102"), c("20110405", "092538"), c("20110405",
> "093458"), c("20110405", "101124"), c("20110405", "102041"),
>    c("20110405", "103659"))
>
> I extracted my data like this:
>
> getDate <- function(x)(unlist(x[]))
>
> unlist(lapply(d, getDate))
>  "20110405" "20110405" "20110405" "20110405" "20110405" "20110405"
>
> Isn't there an easier way to do this?
>
> Thanks,
> Santosh
>
> ______________________________________________
> R-help_at_r-project.org mailing list
> https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help
> and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible code.
>

```--
Joshua Wiley
Ph.D. Student, Health Psychology
University of California, Los Angeles
http://www.joshuawiley.com/

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