Re: [R] Change the names of a dataframe

From: Duncan Murdoch <murdoch.duncan_at_gmail.com>
Date: Tue, 03 May 2011 16:54:28 -0400

On 03/05/2011 4:43 PM, Jun Shen wrote:
> Dear list,
>
> This may sound silly. What is the right way to change the names of a
> dataframe? Let's say I have this data frame (dose) with four columns with
> names "ID", "DOSE", "TIME" "CMT". I want to change "DOSE" to "AMT". So I did
>
> names(dose[2])<-'AMT'
>
> But nothing happened. The name of the second column is still "DOSE".
>
> Only this works
>
> names(dose)[2]<-'AMT'
>
> I wonder what is wrong with the first method. Thanks.
>

The first method says:

  1. Get dose[2]. This is a dataframe consisting of the second column of dose. Store it in a temporary, unnamed variable.
  2. Changes its names to 'AMT'. This changes the names of the temporary variable, which then disappears.

The second method says:

  1. Set the second element of the names associated with dose to 'AMT'.

That's what you want to do.

Duncan Murdoch



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