Re: [Rd] "could not find function" after import

From: Duncan Murdoch <>
Date: Mon, 19 Sep 2011 20:09:39 -0400

On 11-09-19 4:48 PM, Stephanie M. Gogarten wrote:
> I am trying to build a package (GWASTools, submitted to Bioconductor)
> that uses the "sandwich" package. I have references to "sandwich" in
> Imports: methods, DBI, RSQLite, sandwich, survival, DNAcopy
> import(sandwich)
> In the code itself is a call to vcovHC:
> Vhat<- vcovHC(mod, type="HC0")
> I have sandwich version 2.2-7 installed.
> When I run R CMD check on my package, I get the following error during
> checking of examples:
> * using R Under development (unstable) (2011-08-29 r56828)
> * using platform: x86_64-apple-darwin9.8.0 (64-bit)
> ...
> * checking examples ... ERROR
> ...
> Error in estfun.glm(x) : could not find function "is.zoo"
> Calls: assocTestRegression ... meatHC -> rowMeans -> ->
> estfun -> estfun.glm
> I import sandwich, sandwich depends on zoo, but a function in zoo cannot
> be found during execution.
> I tried to get around this by explicitly including a "require" statement
> in assocTestRegression:
> require(sandwich)
> The example now runs, but I have a warning in R CMD check:
> * checking for unstated dependencies in R code ... WARNING
> ‘library’ or ‘require’ call not declared from: ‘sandwich’
> I am not sure why this is a problem, as there is a "require" statement
> (for a different package) in another function which does not cause any
> warnings.
> Can anyone advise on how to get my package to successfully pass R CMD check?

If you said that your package Depends on sandwich, you'd probably pass checks, but this is arguably a bug in the sandwich package.

The problem is that since you only import sandwich, it never gets attached. So it never attaches its dependency zoo. It should import zoo (or import the functions in zoo that it uses) to work properly the way you are calling it.

You can see the same error as follows:

  1. Install sandwich, but don't attach it or zoo.
  2. Run


to create the "glm" object glm.D93.

Try to call


You'll get the same error as before because is.zoo() will not be loaded.

It's also arguably a design flaw in R. For testing sandwich, zoo would generally end up being attached, because the testing of sandwich would attach it. However, examples like the one above are never tested.

Duncan Murdoch mailing list Received on Tue 20 Sep 2011 - 00:11:39 GMT

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