[Rd] "Ambiguous" variation of default environment in `getClasses()` (standard function vs. formal S4 method)

From: Janko Thyson <janko.thyson.rstuff_at_googlemail.com>
Date: Wed, 29 Aug 2012 11:25:58 +0200

Dear list,

This probably makes perfect sense from the language designers' perspective, but at least for me this was/is quite an interesting and unexpected behavior which I thought might be worth sharing:

The default value of argument |where|in function |getClasses()|seems to vary depending on whether |getClasses()|is called inside a *standard R function*or a *formal S4 method*. It is controlled by |.externalCallerEnv()|, which seems to be "vulnerable" to /lazy evaluation/and/or an "altered" /lexical scoping/structure (possible introduced by the definition of a formals S4 method?) and thus causes the variation**.

I found it quite hard to understand what's exactly going on as you need to manually debug `getClasses()` in order to find out what the default value of `where` (controlled by `|.externalCallerEnv()`) actually is in the various settings|. But that of course might as well be just me ;-)

For those interested, I tried to illustrate the behavior in this SO post: http://stackoverflow.com/questions/12166645/ambiguous-variation-of-default-environment-in-getclasses-standard-function/12174390#12174390

Best regards,
Janko Thyson

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