Re: [Rd] Rcmd_environ and R_LIBS_{USER,SITE}

From: Dirk Eddelbuettel <edd_at_debian.org>
Date: Fri, 19 Oct 2012 16:58:30 -0500

Hi Uwe,

On 19 October 2012 at 19:25, Uwe Ligges wrote:

| Dirk,
| 
| if you ask R to
| 
| R CMD check foo_1.2-3.tar.gz
| 
| 
| and the output is
| 
| "no package called 'foo'"
| 
| then something went wrong with your setup or your package.

That is not what I said, or tried to say. My issue is that the _tests_ and _examples_ fail.  

| Can we have details?

Sure -- See below. Cut and pasted from an Emacs buffer on Windoze as evidenved by the U:\ directory at mingw id shown. Emacs has no role here, it also fails the same way in a normal DOS prompt.

u:\R\src>R CMD check foo_0.2.2.tar.gz
R CMD check foo_0.2.2.tar.gz
* using log directory 'u:/R/src/foo.Rcheck'

R version 2.15.1 (2012-06-22) -- "Roasted Marshmallows" Copyright (C) 2012 The R Foundation for Statistical Computing ISBN 3-900051-07-0
Platform: i386-pc-mingw32/i386 (32-bit)

R is free software and comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY. You are welcome to redistribute it under certain conditions. Type 'license()' or 'licence()' for distribution details.

  Natural language support but running in an English locale

R is a collaborative project with many contributors. Type 'contributors()' for more information and 'citation()' on how to cite R or R packages in publications.

Type 'demo()' for some demos, 'help()' for on-line help, or 'help.start()' for an HTML browser interface to help. Type 'q()' to quit R.

> pkgname <- "foo"
> source(file.path(R.home("share"), "R", "examples-header.R"))
> options(warn = 1)
> options(pager = "console")
> library('foo')

Error in library("foo") : there is no package called 'foo' Execution halted
** running examples for arch 'x64' ... ERROR Running examples in 'foo-Ex.R' failed
The error occurred in:

R version 2.15.1 (2012-06-22) -- "Roasted Marshmallows" Copyright (C) 2012 The R Foundation for Statistical Computing ISBN 3-900051-07-0
Platform: x86_64-pc-mingw32/x64 (64-bit)

R is free software and comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY. You are welcome to redistribute it under certain conditions. Type 'license()' or 'licence()' for distribution details.

  Natural language support but running in an English locale

R is a collaborative project with many contributors. Type 'contributors()' for more information and 'citation()' on how to cite R or R packages in publications.

Type 'demo()' for some demos, 'help()' for on-line help, or 'help.start()' for an HTML browser interface to help. Type 'q()' to quit R.

> pkgname <- "foo"
> source(file.path(R.home("share"), "R", "examples-header.R"))
> options(warn = 1)
> options(pager = "console")
> library('foo')

Error in library("foo") : there is no package called 'foo' Execution halted

u:\R\src>

Needless to say the package __does__ of course exist, is installed and loadable:

u:\R\src>R --no-save
R --no-save

R version 2.15.1 (2012-06-22) -- "Roasted Marshmallows" Copyright (C) 2012 The R Foundation for Statistical Computing ISBN 3-900051-07-0
Platform: x86_64-pc-mingw32/x64 (64-bit)

R is free software and comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY. You are welcome to redistribute it under certain conditions. Type 'license()' or 'licence()' for distribution details.

R is a collaborative project with many contributors. Type 'contributors()' for more information and 'citation()' on how to cite R or R packages in publications.

Type 'demo()' for some demos, 'help()' for on-line help, or 'help.start()' for an HTML browser interface to help. Type 'q()' to quit R.

R> library(foo)
library(foo)

Loading required package: Rcpp
Loading required package: xts
Loading required package: zoo

Attaching package: 'zoo'

The following object(s) are masked from 'package:base':

    as.Date, as.Date.numeric

R>

[ foo is a placeholder here, the package has a different name which plays no role in the misbehaviour demonstrated above. ]

Thanks for looking into this.

Dirk

| Best,
| Uwe
| 
| 
| 
| 
| On 19.10.2012 15:21, Dirk Eddelbuettel wrote:
| >
| > On 19 October 2012 at 12:39, Gavin Simpson wrote:
| > | On Thu, 2012-10-18 at 10:18 -0500, Dirk Eddelbuettel wrote:
| > | > Kasper,
| > | >
| > | > On 18 October 2012 at 10:41, Kasper Daniel Hansen wrote:
| > | > | I set my user libraries in .Rprofile for this very reason.  I agree it
| > | > | is weird that .Renviron is not always read etc.
| > | >
| > | > Sorry, no cigar either -- this equivalent to using files in $R_HOME/etc/ and
| > | > is also ignored by R CMD check, which still fails in my setup as it doesn't
| > | > find the package -- whereas any normal R session does.
| > | >
| > | > Dirk
| > |
| > | I have R_LIBS set in my Bash profile (~/.bashrc) for IIRC this very
| > | reason. Can you do the same on Windows?
| >
| > Thanks for the suggestion, Gavin,  But well, let me count the ways ....
| >
| > i)   As a general principle, I prefer to minimize env variables. So on Linux,
| >       I prefer (and use) ~/.Rprofile and/or ~/.Renviron, or even the site-wide
| >       ones
| >
| > ii)  Similarly, I asked for site-wide config as that can be scripted.
| >       Your solution, if it worked, would not (as easily) allow that.
| >
| > iii) The question was specific about the intentional castration of R CMD ...
| >       I actually get the .libPaths() adjusted on Windows too via the method
| >       mentioned in i)
| >
| > iv)  When I do what you helpfully suggest, .libPaths() in R shows the entry
| >       twice yet the braindead R CMD check .... __still fails the same way__ not
| >       being able to load the very package tested from the location that is __not
| >       below__ the $R_HOME/library/ path.
| >
| > This really is silly beyond words, but seemingly all by design and intentional.
| >
| > Dirk
| >
| >
| >
| >
| > |
| > | G
| > |
| > | >
| > | >
| > | > |
| > | > | Kasper
| > | > |
| > | > | On Thu, Oct 18, 2012 at 10:12 AM, Dirk Eddelbuettel <edd_at_debian.org> wrote:
| > | > | >
| > | > | > Keith,
| > | > | >
| > | > | > On 18 October 2012 at 09:14, Keith Jewell wrote:
| > | > | > | No reply in a number of hours, so here is a suggestion from ignorance :-}
| > | > | > |
| > | > | > | ?Startup refers to a number of other "site and user files to process for
| > | > | >
| > | > | > Thanks, and I know, and use those on Linux (and on 'doze when I use it).  My
| > | > | > question was specifically about 'R CMD foo' which skips some of these by
| > | > | > choice, and which Rcmd_environ appears to overcome, albeit imcompletely. I
| > | > | > still have an issue on Windows where I cannot split my package installations
| > | > | > between those that come and go with R installations, and the others.
| > | > | >
| > | > | > But it is truly bizarre that I can do (on Windows)
| > | > | >
| > | > | >   R CMD INSTALL foo_1.2-3.tar.gz
| > | > | >
| > | > | > and a moment later
| > | > | >
| > | > | >   R CMD check foo_1.2-3.tar.gz
| > | > | >
| > | > | > fails in its tests and examples with "no package called 'foo'"
| > | > | >
| > | > | > Doing 'R CMD check --no-examples --no-tests foo_1.2-3.tar.gz' works, but is
| > | > | > less helpful as we're running the check to run those very tests...
| > | > | >
| > | > | > Dirk
| > | > | >
| > | > | >
| > | > | > | setting environment variables" but not to Rcmd_environ. The contents of
| > | > | > | $R_HOME/etc/Rcmd_environ seem to reflect (some of) the contents of
| > | > | > | (some) other files.
| > | > | > |
| > | > | > | I have similar lines (defining library paths) in
| > | > | > |      $R_HOME/etc/Renviron.site
| > | > | > |
| > | > | > | Is it correct to directly edit Rcmd_environ or should it be modified
| > | > | > | only via other files? (A genuine question).
| > | > | > |
| > | > | > | On 17/10/2012 15:59, Dirk Eddelbuettel wrote:
| > | > | > | >
| > | > | > | > Is there a fundamental reason why I cannot set either one of
| > | > | > | >
| > | > | > | >    ## add local library path -- doesn't work either
| > | > | > | >    R_LIBS_USER="c:/opt/R-library"
| > | > | > | >    R_LIBS_SITE="c:/opt/R-library"
| > | > | > | >
| > | > | > | > in $R_HOME/etc/Rcmd_environ even though I can seemingly set other things here?
| > | > | > | >
| > | > | > | > It breaks "R CMD check" for me as I prefer NOT to install packages in a
| > | > | > | > versioned path.
| > | > | > | >
| > | > | > | > FWIW, defaulting to a versioned path is (to this no-longer-bemused user) as
| > | > | > | > much a permenent R bug (on Windoze) as the default installation into a path
| > | > | > | > with spaces.
| > | > | > | >
| > | > | > | > Dirk
| > | > | > | >
| > | > | > |
| > | > | > | ______________________________________________
| > | > | > | R-devel_at_r-project.org mailing list
| > | > | > | https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-devel
| > | > | >
| > | > | > --
| > | > | > Dirk Eddelbuettel | edd@debian.org | http://dirk.eddelbuettel.com
| > | > | >
| > | > | > ______________________________________________
| > | > | > R-devel_at_r-project.org mailing list
| > | > | > https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-devel
| > | >
| > |
| > | --
| > | %~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%
| > |  Dr. Gavin Simpson             [t] +44 (0)20 7679 0522
| > |  ECRC, UCL Geography,          [f] +44 (0)20 7679 0565
| > |  Pearson Building,             [e] gavin.simpsonATNOSPAMucl.ac.uk
| > |  Gower Street, London          [w] http://www.ucl.ac.uk/~ucfagls/
| > |  UK. WC1E 6BT.                 [w] http://www.freshwaters.org.uk
| > | %~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%~%
| > |
| > |
| >

-- 
Dirk Eddelbuettel | edd@debian.org | http://dirk.eddelbuettel.com

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