Re: [Rd] residual '*tmp*' variable after "[<-" error

From: Prof Brian Ripley <>
Date: Wed 20 Sep 2006 - 22:10:11 GMT

On Wed, 20 Sep 2006, Parlamis Franklin wrote:

> self-sanity check prior to filing a bug report:
> attempted replacement that generates an error leaves a '*tmp*'
> variable in the global environment.
> test <- 1:10
> test[2:4] <- expression(e)
> ls()
> i've read section 3.4.4 of the "R Language Definition" which
> discusses the mechanism for replacement, and it is not clear to me
> whether this was intended, but i suspect not (to be honest, it's not
> clear to me why the process as described doesn't generate an infinite
> recursion -- perhaps the primitive treats the argument named '*tmp*'
> different than other arguments). i've also searched the R site, and
> can't find this particular issue discussed.
> even though, as below, i am using 2.4.0 alpha, this happens as well
> in 2.3.1.
> from my standpoint, desirable behavior would be:
> (i) if an error occurs, remove the '*tmp*' variable

That's a bug: it need a context set to clean up.

> (ii) report the error as occurring in the original replacement call
> (rather than the '*tmp*' replacement, which may be confusing to those
> who haven't read the "R Language Definition")

But by that point the call may have been transformed quite dramatically. I was going to suggest traceback() would give you a sensible call, but in this case it is not doing so: at a quick glance that is also due to no context being set.

There is also the question as to whether this should have worked. It probably could be made to do so as

test <- as.expression(test)
test[2:4] <- expression(e)

Brian D. Ripley,        
Professor of Applied Statistics,
University of Oxford,             Tel:  +44 1865 272861 (self)
1 South Parks Road,                     +44 1865 272866 (PA)
Oxford OX1 3TG, UK                Fax:  +44 1865 272595

______________________________________________ mailing list
Received on Thu Sep 21 08:12:00 2006

Archive maintained by Robert King, hosted by the discipline of statistics at the University of Newcastle, Australia.
Archive generated by hypermail 2.1.8, at Fri 22 Sep 2006 - 06:30:12 GMT.

Mailing list information is available at Please read the posting guide before posting to the list.