Re: [Rd] ?mean

From: Gabor Grothendieck <>
Date: Fri 26 Jan 2007 - 05:43:51 GMT

Good point. Perhaps what is needed is a Note clarifying all this in ?mean (unless the software itself is reworked as Martin has discussed).

Regarding var(x), one could use sd(x)^2.

On 1/25/07, Berwin A Turlach <> wrote:
> G'day Gabor,
> On Thu, 25 Jan 2007 09:53:49 -0500
> "Gabor Grothendieck" <> wrote:
> > The help page for mean does not say what happens when one
> > applies mean to a matrix.

> Well, not directly. :-)
> But the help page of mean says that one of the arguments is:
> x: An R object. Currently there are methods for numeric data
> frames, numeric vectors and dates. A complex vector is
> allowed for 'trim = 0', only.
> And the `Value' section states:
> For a data frame, a named vector with the appropriate method being
> applied column by column.
> If 'trim' is zero (the default), the arithmetic mean of the values
> in 'x' is computed, as a numeric or complex vector of length one.
> If any argument is not logical (coerced to numeric), integer,
> numeric or complex, 'NA' is returned, with a warning.
> Since a matrix is a vector with a dimension attribute, and not a data
> frame, one can deduce that the second paragraph describes the return
> value for `mean(x)' when x is a matrix.
> As I always tell my students, reading R help pages is a bit of an
> art. :)
> > mean and sd work in an inconsistent way on a matrix so that should at
> > least be documented.

> Agreed. But it is documented in the help page of sd, which clearly
> states:
> [....] If 'x' is a matrix or a data frame, a vector
> of the standard deviation of the columns is returned.
> I guess you also want to have it documented in the mean help page?
> But then, should `var' also be mentioned in the mean help page? This
> command also work in an a different and inconsistent manner to mean on
> matrices.
> And, of course, there are other subtle inconsistencies in the language
> used in these help pages. Note that the mean help page talks about
> "numeric data frames" while the help pages of `var' and `se' talk about
> "data frames" only, though all components of the data frame have to be
> numeric, of course.
> > Also there should be a See Also to colMeans since that provides the
> > missing column-wise analog to sd.

> That's probably a good idea. What would you suggest should be
> mentioned to provide the column-wise analog of `var'?
> Cheers,
> Berwin
> mailing list Received on Fri Jan 26 16:51:26 2007

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