Re: [Rd] Strange behavior of debugger

From: Duncan Murdoch <>
Date: Sun, 13 May 2007 08:45:02 -0400

On 13/05/2007 12:21 AM, Tong Wang wrote:
> Hi, All:
> I had some trouble debugging C source dynamically loaded into R , when I issued N in gdb(or insight) , the debugger, instead of moving downward step by step, jumped to strange positions (upward, downward, one step, a few steps away).
> To enter the debugger, I issued gdb(insight) Rgui.exe in Cygwin and add this line : asm("int $3"); to my C code. After
> entering R, I did something like: dyn.load("mypath/mycode.dll") , then out <- .C("myfun", arg1=as.numeric(a),......)
> The C files are compiled with: R CMD SHLIB -d myfile.c
> I am using Win XP + Cygwin, and I have a binary version and a cygwin compiled version of R-2.4.1 installed. This same
> behavior show up in both installations.

I think you're seeing the code rearrangements that happen when gcc optimizes the code. It puts some functions inline, it shares similar sequences of instructions between different blocks of code, etc.

If this is causing problems in debugging, change the -O3 to a lower level of optimization, e.g. -O0 (i.e. oh zero) in the relevant Makefile:   src/gnuwin32/MakeDll if you're debugging your own package, src/gnuwin32/Makefile for most of R, etc. However, be aware that in case of nasty bugs, this may change the behaviour of your program.

By the way, if you used Cygwin compilers to build, expect problems. The supported compiler is MinGW.

> One thing is, even though I set the evn DEBUG as T when built R from sourse in
> Cygwin, the Rgui.exe I got doesn't seem to contain debug info. (although R.exe does) , I am not sure if this means I did something wrong.

Perhaps you didn't recompile everything with the flag set. You need it set both when the .o object files are created and later when they are linked. And DEBUG=T has no effect on the initial entry point of Rgui.exe, because it is coming from the MinGW libraries, not from R source, and R doesn't compile those.

Duncan Murdoch mailing list Received on Sun 13 May 2007 - 12:47:16 GMT

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