Re: [Rd] relist, an inverse operator to unlist

From: Martin Maechler <>
Date: Wed, 23 May 2007 15:07:31 +0200

>>>>> "GaGr" == Gabor Grothendieck <> >>>>> on Wed, 23 May 2007 08:56:50 -0400 writes:

    GaGr> On 5/23/07, Seth Falcon <> wrote:
>> Andrew Clausen <> writes:
>> > Hi Seth,
>> >
>> > On Mon, May 21, 2007 at 05:15:10PM -0700, Seth Falcon wrote:
>> >> I will also add that the notion of a default argument on a generic
>> >> function seems a bit odd to me. If an argument is available for
>> >> dispatch, I just don't see what sense it makes to have a default. In
>> >> those cases, the default should be handled by the method that has a
>> >> signature with said argument matching the "missing" class.
>> >>
>> >> What often does make sense is to define a generic function where some
>> >> argument are not available for dispatch. For example:
>> >>
>> >> setGeneric("foo", signature="flesh",
>> >> function(flesh, skeleton=attr(flesh, "skeleton")
>> >> standardGeneric("foo")))
>> >
>> > That's an excellent suggestion. Thanks! However, I had to set the signature
>> > to c("numeric", "missing") rather than just "numeric".
>> >
>> > I have uploaded a new version here:
>> >
>> >
>> I misunderstood. You aren't using S4 classes/methods at all
>> and so I don't actually see how my comments could have been helpful in
>> any way. relist seems like a really odd solution to me, but based on
>> the discussion I guess it has its use cases.

    GaGr> You didn't misunderstand but there was an offline
    GaGr> discussion pointing out that one primary use is in the
    GaGr> inner loop of an optimization so it should be made as
    GaGr> efficient as possible and it was changed with that in
    GaGr> mind.

Thank you Gabor for that explanation.
(I had wondered, too, and was glad that Andrew had dropped S4  generics seemingly "by himself" ;-))

Re your proposal of mixing this into reshape():

I think it's a nice and didactly helpful idea to point out the similarity in concepts between reshape() and relist().

However, I wouldn't like to make reshape() generic in this sense: As Andrew has mentioned as well, I think the two topics of data.frame (/matrix) reshaping and list <-> vector transformation seem too much different...

Martin mailing list Received on Wed 23 May 2007 - 13:10:12 GMT

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