[R] Sampling distribution of correlation estimations derived from robust MCD and MVE methods

From: Uri Hasson <zvalim_at_gmail.com>
Date: Mon 25 Sep 2006 - 16:19:00 GMT

Dear R users,

I am trying to use MCD and MVE methods in the analysis of functional imaging
(fMRI) data. But, before doing that, I want to understand the sampling
distribution of the correlation parameter given by MCD and MVE (cov.mcd$cor, cov.mve$cor).

To this end, I conducted a simulation where in each of 100000 epochs, I a. construct a matrix from two vectors, each containing 40 numbers randomly sampled from a normal distribution. b. apply cov.mve and cov.mcd to the resulting matrix. c. obtain the correlations in the subsets selected by cor.mve: e.g., if the matrix is called cormat20.ans, I request:

current.mve20 <- round(cov.mve(cormat20.ans, cor=T)$cor[[2]] ,3)

At the end of the day, I have the sampling distribution for these correlations [i.e., what correlations exist in the subsets that MVE and MCD tend to pick up when sampling from normal distribution].

Here is my question: Because MVE and MCD select the most central 20 points
(of the 40), I wanted to compare the resulting sampling distributions to
that of a Pearson's "r" correlation coefficient (i.e., a Pearson's r with N=20; the goal was to establish whether the significance thresholds are similar). However the three sampling distributions are quite different. That is, the sampling distribution of Pearson's R (N=20) is very different than that of cov.mve and cov.mcd (with N=20 [20 being the subset selected of the 40 points]). The sampling distribution of Pearson's R with N=40 is also very different than that of MVE and MCD.

If anyone knows, or could point me to sources information that discuss the issue of the sampling distribution of of cov.mve$cor and cov.mcd$cor and their relations to the pearson's R, I would be very grateful.

I have put the simulation code I used here: http://home.uchicago.edu/~uhasson/pearson-mcd-mve.R.txt

And an image of the resulting sampling distributions here: http://home.uchicago.edu/~uhasson/correl.comparison.tiff

Uri Hasson
The Brain Research Imaging Center
The University of Chicago

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