# Re: [R] Converting text to numbers

From: jim holtman <jholtman_at_gmail.com>
Date: Wed 27 Sep 2006 - 21:33:17 GMT

> str(x)

`data.frame': 7 obs. of 2 variables:
\$ FCT: chr "1" "2" "3-" "3" ...
\$ OBS: chr "5" "4" "3+" "3" ...
# define your conversion
> x.c <- c('1'=1, '2'=2, '3'=3, '3-'=2, '3+'=5, '4-'=3, '4'=6, '5'=7)
> x.c[x\$FCT]

1 2 3- 3 3+ 4 5
1 2 2 3 5 6 7
> x\$FCT1 <- x.c[x\$FCT]
> x\$OBS1 <- x.c[x\$OBS]
> x

FCT OBS FCT1 OBS1
1 1 5 1 7
2 2 4 2 6
3 3- 3+ 2 5
4 3 3 3 3
5 3+ 3- 5 2
6 4 2 6 2
7 5 1 7 1
> str(x)

`data.frame': 7 obs. of 4 variables:

``` \$ FCT : chr  "1" "2" "3-" "3" ...
\$ OBS : chr  "5" "4" "3+" "3" ...
\$ FCT1: num  1 2 2 3 5 6 7
\$ OBS1: num  7 6 5 3 2 2 1
```

> x\$FCT1 - x\$OBS1

[1] -6 -4 -3 0 3 4 6
>

On 9/27/06, Dan Chan <dchan@gfc.state.ga.us> wrote:
> Hi,
>
> I have Forecast Class and Observed Class in a data matrix as below.
>
> > Sample1
> FCT OBS
> 1 1 5
> 2 2 4
> 3 3- 3+
> 4 3 3
> 5 3+ 3-
> 6 4 2
> 7 5 1
>
> I want to find the difference between Observed and Forecast Classes.
> How can I get this done?
>
> I tried to following to convert the 1 through 5 classes, to 1 through 7
> for both OBS and FCT column.
> > Sample1\$OBS2 <- Sample1\$OBS
> > levels(Sample1\$OBS2) <- sub('5',7,levels(Sample1\$OBS2),fixed=TRUE)
> > levels(Sample1\$OBS2) <- sub('4',6,levels(Sample1\$OBS2),fixed=TRUE)
> > levels(Sample1\$OBS2) <- sub('3+',5,levels(Sample1\$OBS2), fixed=TRUE)
> > levels(Sample1\$OBS2) <- sub('3',4,levels(Sample1\$OBS2),fixed=TRUE)
> > levels(Sample1\$OBS2) <- sub('4-',3,levels(Sample1\$OBS2),fixed=TRUE)
> > Sample1
> FCT OBS FCT2 OBS2
> 1 1 5 1 7
> 2 2 4 2 6
> 3 3- 3+ 3 5
> 4 3 3 4 4
> 5 3+ 3- 5 3
> 6 4 2 6 2
> 7 5 1 7 1
>
> All looks good, but as I do the following, I encounter an error.
> > Sample1\$OBS2- Sample1\$FCT2
> [1] NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
> Warning message:
> - not meaningful for factors in: Ops.factor(Sample1\$OBS2, Sample1\$FCT2)
>

> Then, I tried to convert them to numbers using the following.
> > Sample1\$FCT2 <- as.numeric(Sample1\$FCT2)
> > Sample1\$OBS2 <- as.numeric(Sample1\$OBS2)

> > Sample1
> FCT OBS FCT2 OBS2
> 1 1 5 1 7
> 2 2 4 2 6
> 3 3- 3+ 4 5
> 4 3 3 3 3
> 5 3+ 3- 5 4
> 6 4 2 6 2
> 7 5 1 7 1
>
> Sample1\$FCT2[3] and Sample1\$FCT2[4] switched values.
>
> I think it has something to do with the following:
> > Sample1\$OBS
> [1] 5 4 3+ 3 3- 2 1
> Levels: 1 2 3 3- 3+ 4 5
>
> But, I don't know why and how to fix it.
>
> Any ideas?
>
> Thank you.
>
>
>
> Daniel Chan
> Meteorologist
> Georgia Forestry Commission
> P O Box 819
> Macon, GA
> 31202
> Tel: 478-751-3508
> Fax: 478-751-3465
>
> ______________________________________________
> R-help@stat.math.ethz.ch mailing list
> https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help
> PLEASE do read the posting guide http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html
> and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible code.
>

```--
Jim Holtman
Cincinnati, OH
+1 513 646 9390

What is the problem you are trying to solve?

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```
Received on Thu Sep 28 07:50:23 2006

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