Re: [R] how ot replace the diagonal of a matrix

From: Deepayan Sarkar <deepayan.sarkar_at_gmail.com>
Date: Tue 03 Oct 2006 - 21:22:30 GMT

On 10/3/06, roger bos <roger.bos@gmail.com> wrote:
> Dear useRs,
>
> Trying to replace the diagonal of a matrix is not working for me. I
> want a matrix with .6 on the diag and .4 elsewhere. The following
> code looks like it should work--when I lookk at mps and idx they look
> how I want them too--but it only replaces the first element, not each
> element on the diagonal.
>
> mps <- matrix(rep(.4, 3*3), nrow=n, byrow=TRUE)
> idx <- diag(3)
> mps
> idx
> mps[idx] <- rep(.6,3)
>
> I also tried something along the lines of diag(mps=.6, ...) but it
> didn't know what mps was.

You got close.

diag(mps) <- .6

should give you what you want. ?diag (which you should have read) explains this usage quite clearly.

-Deepayan

>
> Thanks,
>
> Roger



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