# [R] %*% in Matrix objects

Date: Fri 26 Jan 2007 - 04:24:12 GMT

Dear R users,

I need to normalize a bunch of row vectors. At a certain point I need to divide a matrix by a vector of norms. I find that the behavior of Matrix objects differs from normal matrix objects. Example the following code examples differ only in xnormed changing from normal to Matrix object:

```	x = matrix(1:12,3,4)
x = as(x, "CsparseMatrix")
xnorms  = sqrt(colSums(x^2))

(xnormed = t(x) * (1/xnorms))

```

This produces a "warning: coercing sparse to dense matrix for arithmetic in: t(x) * 1/xnorms." but gets the result (a 4 x 3 matrix)

I want to stay in sparse format anyway (if it helps!) so I tried

```	x = matrix(1:12,3,4)
x = as(x, "CsparseMatrix")
xnorms  = sqrt(colSums(x^2))
xnorms = as(xnorms, "CsparseMatrix")

(xnormed = t(x) * (1/xnorms))

```

But now, instead of a warning I get
"Error: Matrices must have same dimensions in t(x) * (1/xnorms)"

If I transpose the norms, the error dissapears, but the result is 1 x 4 (not 3 x 4 as before).

I suspect I'm facing the drop=T as before... Also, it seems that in normal matrix objects %*% behaves the same as *, but in Matrix objects that is not the case.

What am I missing?

```--
Thanks,
-Jose

--
Research fellow, Psychology Dept.
Sussex University, Brighton, UK