Re: [Rd] How to overload the assignment operator?

From: Prof Brian Ripley <>
Date: Tue, 13 Nov 2007 20:05:16 +0000 (GMT)

On Tue, 13 Nov 2007, "Jens Oehlschlägel" wrote:

> Thank you Brian,
>> setReplaceMethod() is just syntactic sugar for setting an S4 method on a
>> replacement function (read the function definition to see so). You can
>> set S3 replacement methods, and the S4 mechanism just piggy-backs on that.
> So I understand that setReplaceMethod will not help.
>> I think the conceptual problem is that the assignment operator does not
>> actually do any copying: it creates a binding of a symbol to a value.
>> Any copying which occurs happens when the value is (potentially) changed.
> I would be even happier if the cloning would only occur on any attempt to change the external pointer / proxy-object.
>> There is no provision for that to depend on the class (rather than the
>> type) of the object.
> Mh, unless the internal copying mechanism would call a clone generic for non-atomic objects

But as I said, there is no provision for that. Nor is there going to be. One reason is performance, as Simon has hinted. Another is consistency: duplication might well be called from places where class is being ignored.

>> Since external pointers are never duplicated, you
>> ought to be able to take advantage of that to design the copying semantics
>> you want.
> How that? How do I know that any user has assigned/modified the external pointer (or a proxy object containing the external pointer) such that I can invoke the cloning?

I don't even know what you want to do. But I don't think copying is the place to find out if a user changed an object: presumably it was done via your interface.

Brian D. Ripley,        
Professor of Applied Statistics,
University of Oxford,             Tel:  +44 1865 272861 (self)
1 South Parks Road,                     +44 1865 272866 (PA)
Oxford OX1 3TG, UK                Fax:  +44 1865 272595

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