# Re: [R] Histogram with different colors for different portions

From: Greg Snow <Greg.Snow_at_imail.org>
Date: Mon, 31 Dec 2007 11:58:03 -0700

One of the wonderful things about R/S is how easy it is to turn code into a new function definition. Here is a function based on your code (with a couple of small modifications):

col.sd.hist <- function(x, cols=c('red','blue','pink'), ...) {  xbar <- mean(x)
SD <- sd(x)
BR <- seq(xbar - 4*SD, xbar+4*SD, length.out = 33)  hist(x, breaks=BR, col=rep( c(cols, cols[2:1]), c(8,4,8,4,8) ),  xlab=deparse(substitute(x)),
main=paste("Histogram of", deparse(substitute(x))), ... )
}

Just run col.sd.hist(nnum) to get the same histogram. You could then modify this to add different options.

Or here is another version that uses the built in number bin selection options (and possibly changes colors mid bar):

col.sd.hist2 <- function(x, cols=c('red','blue','pink'), ...) {  xbar <- mean(x)
SD <- sd(x)
if( !require(TeachingDemos) ) stop("TeachingDemos package Required")  histobj <- hist(x, plot=FALSE)
histobj\$xname <- deparse(substitute(x))  plot(histobj)
nB <- length(histobj\$breaks)

clipplot( rect(histobj\$breaks[-nB], 0, histobj\$breaks[-1], histobj\$counts,   col=cols))

``` clipplot( rect(histobj\$breaks[-nB], 0, histobj\$breaks[-1], histobj\$counts,
col=cols), xlim= xbar + c(-2,2)*SD)
clipplot( rect(histobj\$breaks[-nB], 0, histobj\$breaks[-1], histobj\$counts,
col=cols), xlim= xbar + c(-1,1)*SD)
```
invisible(histobj)
}

hope this helps,

From: r-help-bounces_at_r-project.org on behalf of arnholtat_at_appstate.edu Sent: Sun 12/30/2007 10:57 AM
To: r-help_at_r-project.org
Subject: [R] Histogram with different colors for different portions

Dear Rusers,
I would like to color different sections of a histogram different colors. I have an example that was done by "brute force" given below. Has anyone implemented something like this in general? If not, any suggestions/pointers on how to write a general function to do so would be most appreciated. Alan-

```################################################################################
```
set.seed(13)
nnum <- rnorm(1000, 100, 10)
xbar <- mean(nnum)
SD <- sd(nnum)
BR <- seq(xbar - 4*SD, xbar + 4*SD, by = .25*SD) # Histogram showing xbar +- sd in different colors hist(nnum, breaks=BR, col=c(rep("red", 8), rep("blue", 4),

rep("pink", 8), rep("blue", 4), rep("red", 8)))

```################################################################################
```
# Histogram depicting Hinge Spread with boxplot layout(matrix(c(1, 2)), heights=c(2, 1))
```fn <- fivenum(nnum)
LH <- fn
UH <- fn
HS <- UH - LH
```

SHS <- HS/10
BR <- seq(LH - SHS*30, UH + SHS*30, SHS) par(mar=c(0,2,3,2))
hist(nnum, breaks=BR, col=c(rep("red", 30), rep("blue", 10),
```     rep("red", 30)), xlim=c(60,140), axes=FALSE, xlab="",
ylab="", main="")
```

#
par(mar=c(3,2,0,2))
boxplot(nnum, col="blue", horizontal=TRUE, ylim=c(60, 140), axes=FALSE) axis(side=1)

Alan T. Arnholt
Professor and Assistant Chair
Department of Mathematical Sciences
Appalachian State University
T:(828)262-2863
F:(828)265-8617
http://www1.appstate.edu/~arnholta/

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