Re: [R] Fourier Analysis and Curve Fitting in R

From: Carson Farmer <>
Date: Mon, 28 Jan 2008 15:10:38 -0800

Rolf Turner wrote:

>> On 26/01/2008, at 10:54 AM, Carson Farmer wrote:
>>> Dear List,
>>> I am attempting to perform a harmonic analysis on a time series of snow
>>> depth, in which the annual curve is essentially asymmetric (i.e. snow
>>> accumulates slowly over time, and the subsequent melt occurs relatively
>>> rapidly).  I am trying to fit a curve to the data, however, the actual
>>> frequency is unknown.

> In general the actual frequency of the curve will indeed be close to
> 1/(1 year). However, because I intend to perform this analysis on many
> regions, this will not always be the case. This is perhaps an
> acceptable assumption however...
>>     Obviously there is something I am not understanding here.
>>     I would have thought that the ``actual frequency'' would
>>     be 1/(1 year) (period = 1 year) --- modulo the fact that
>>     the length of the year is constantly changing a tiny bit.
>>     (But I would've thought that this would have no practical
>>     impact in respect of any observed series.)

> My sampling interval is daily.
>> What is your sampling interval, BTW? Day? Week? Month? >>> I have been trying to follow the methods in Peter >>> Bloomfields text "Fourier Analysis of Time Series", but am having >>> trouble implementing this in R.
> Yes it certainly would.
>> Note that even though the ``actual frequency'' is (???) 1/(1 year), >> the representation of the mean function in terms of sinusoids >> will involve in theory infinitely many terms/frequencies since >> the mean function is clearly (!) not a sinusoid. >> >>> Does anyone have any suggestions, or perhaps directions on how this >>> might be done properly? Am I using the right methods for fitting an >>> asymmetric curve?

> What I am really trying to do is fit a relatively smooth line to my
> data which will preferentially weight the larger values. This method
> needs to be able to fit through data gaps however, which is why I was
> originally looking to fit sinusoids. A jpg of a single year of the
> data is available here:
> <> to give you an
> idea of the shape of my curve.
> Thank you again for your help,

> Carson
>>     I would have to know more about what you are *really* trying
>>     to do, and what the data are like, before I could make any
>>     useful suggestions.  Many modelling issues could come into
>>     play, and many modelling strategies are potentially applicable.
>>         cheers,
>>             Rolf Turner

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