Re: [R] unload & reload a (new version of a) package

From: Harte, Thomas P <THarte_at_tiaa-cref.org>
Date: Wed, 6 Feb 2008 11:21:44 -0500


i returned to this problem and found that the solution was a disarmingly

straight-forward oversight on my part: 'detach' requires the version number of the library to be specified!

thus, if you install packages '--with-package-versions' switched on, and if you load the version of choice in an R session with:

> library(foo, version="1.0")

then you must 'detach' it in the same R session using

> detach(foo, version="1.0")

in the *same* R session you can load another version:

> library(foo, version="1.2")

and happily detach it with

> detach(foo, version="1.2")

and then go back to version 1.0 again (all in the same R session):

> library(foo, version="1.0")

thus obviating the behavior that i had previously reported.

-----Original Message-----
From: Harte, Thomas P
Sent: Tuesday, January 15, 2008 10:47 AM To: r-help_at_r-project.org
Subject: RE: [R] unload & reload a (new version of a) package

update: this phenomenon disappears if i do a straight install *without* package versioning, i.e.

C:\packages>c:\R\R-2.6.1\bin\R CMD BUILD foo_1.0
[creates foo_1.0.tar.gz]
C:\packages>c:\R\R-2.6.1\bin\R CMD INSTALL -l c:/library foo_1.0.tar.gz

i can update the package, re-build and re-install and load it into the existing R session with a call to 'library(foo, lib.loc="c:/library")'

when i posted, i had been doing things *with versioning* switched on:

C:\packages>c:\R\R-2.6.1\bin\R CMD BUILD foo_1.0
[creates foo_1.0.tar.gz]
C:\packages>c:\R\R-2.6.1\bin\R CMD INSTALL --with-package-versions -l
c:/library foo_1.0.tar.gz

and loading it into the existing R session with 'library(foo, lib.loc="c:/library", version="1.0")'.

so the problem seemes to exist if i install a newer version of the package this way, thereby clobbering the old version foo_1.0 in the process. however, if I copy the source tree for foo_1.0 and make a *completely new version* foo_1.1, say, and install --with-package-versions:

C:\packages>c:\R\R-2.6.1\bin\R CMD BUILD foo_1.1 
C:\packages>c:\R\R-2.6.1\bin\R CMD INSTALL --with-package-versions -l
c:/library foo_1.1.zip 

library(foo, lib.loc="c:/library", version="1.1")

then i can successfully load version 1.1

something is possibly wrong somewhere with versioning, or with my package. either way, i can live without versioning switched on and just clobber versions of the library foo with the updated package foo.

-----Original Message-----
From: r-help-bounces_at_r-project.org [mailto:r-help-bounces_at_r-project.org] On Behalf Of Harte, Thomas P
Sent: Monday, January 14, 2008 6:49 PM
To: r-help_at_r-project.org
Subject: [R] unload & reload a (new version of a) package

i'm putting the final touches on a package that i'm developing and i noticed that if i detach the package, and then re-build & re-install it (using R
CMD)
then I can't get the newer version of the package to load in the existing R session (i have to close it out and start a new session, then the newer
version of the package is loaded).

looking through the source of 'detach' i see :

      .Call("R_lazyLoadDBflush", paste(libpath, "/R/", pkgname, 
            ".rdb", sep = ""), PACKAGE = "base")

is there some absolute way similar to the above to flush the package db and ensure that a newer version of the package can be loaded into the existing R session? detach calls .Last.lib and seems to go through the motions of purging the loaded package; why, then, is the package still lurking around in the existing R session?

it's not a big deal; it's only a minor pain having to re-start an R session. i'm more interesting in why this is happening.

cheers,

thomas.





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