# Re: [R] R function to convert a number to text

From: Jim Lemon <jim_at_bitwrit.com.au>
Date: Mon, 03 Mar 2008 21:38:12 +1100

lin tang wrote:
> hi, Dear R users -
>
> I wonder is there a written R function to convert a number to a text, say convert 1 to "one" , 100 to "one hundred". I know in xls. has such a function BAHTTEXT, does anybody know is there a similar function in R ? Thanks.
>
Hi Lin,
I got bored after the millions, but this should handle the smaller numbers, and you can always extend it.

digits2text<-function(x,mult="") {

```  units<-c("one","two","three","four","five",
"six","seven","eight","nine")
teens<-c("ten","eleven","twelve","thirteen","fourteen",
```
"fifteen","sixteen","seventeen","eighteen","nineteen")   tens<-c("ten","twenty","thirty","forty","fifty",    "sixty","seventy","eighty","ninety")
digits<-rev(as.numeric(strsplit(as.character(x),"")[[1]]))   digilen<-length(digits)
if(digilen == 2 && digits[2] == 1) return(teens[digits[1]+1])   digitext<-units[digits[1]]
```  if(digilen > 1) digitext<-c(digitext,tens[digits[2]])
if(digilen > 2) digitext<-c(digitext,"hundred",units[digits[3]])
if(digilen > 3) digitext<-
c(digitext,digits2text(floor(x/1000),"thousand"))
if(digilen > 6) digitext<-
c(digitext,digits2text(floor(x/1000000),"million"))
```
return(paste(c(rev(digitext),mult),sep="",collapse=" ")) }

Jim

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