# Re: [R] vector manipulations

From: Pete Dorothy <croero_at_gmail.com>
Date: Wed, 05 Mar 2008 18:36:04 +0100

Thank you everybody.

Phil, your expand.grid works very nicely and I will use it for non-vectorized functions.

Yet I am a bit confused about "vectorization". For me it is synonymous of "no loop". :-(

I wrote a toy example (with a function which is not my log-likelihood).

FIRST PART nir=1:10
logl=function(x,y,nir) sum(log(x*nir+y))

```x=seq(0.1,0.3,by=10^(-1))
y=seq(0.1,0.3,by=10^(-1))
z=outer(x,y,logl,nir=nir)

```

SECOND PART nir=1:10
logl2=function(x,y,nir) {

a=0
for (i in 1:10) {

```        a=a+log(x*nir[i]+y)
}
```

return(a)
}

x=seq(0.1,0.3,by=10^(-1))
y=seq(0.1,0.3,by=10^(-1))
z2=outer(x,y,logl2,nir=nir)

This seems to work, though the function does not seem to be vectorized.

I am sorry for being such a noob. I'm ok in maths but I am bad at programming. I bought a book on R (Introductory Statistics with R by Dalgaard) ** on Amazon last week . I will read it when I receive it. Do you know other good books ?

2008/3/5, Bill.Venables_at_csiro.au <Bill.Venables_at_csiro.au>:
>
> No problems with it working. The main problem I have observed is
> unrealistic expectations. People write an *essentially* non-vectorized
> function and expect Vectorize to produce a version of it which will
> out-perform explicit loops every time. No magic bullets in this game.
>
> Bill.
>
>
>
> Bill Venables
> CSIRO Laboratories
> PO Box 120, Cleveland, 4163
> AUSTRALIA
> Office Phone (email preferred): +61 7 3826 7251
> Fax (if absolutely necessary): +61 7 3826 7304
> Mobile: +61 4 8819 4402
> Home Phone: +61 7 3286 7700
> mailto:Bill.Venables_at_csiro.au
> http://www.cmis.csiro.au/bill.venables/
>
> -----Original Message-----
>
> From: Duncan Murdoch [mailto:murdoch_at_stats.uwo.ca]
> Sent: Wednesday, 5 March 2008 9:36 AM
> To: Venables, Bill (CMIS, Cleveland)
> Cc: r-help_at_r-project.org
> Subject: Re: [R] vector manipulations
>
> On 3/4/2008 5:41 PM, Bill.Venables_at_csiro.au wrote:
> > Your problem is that your function log1( , ) is not vectorized with
> > respect to its arguments. For a function to work in outer(...) it
> must
> > accept vectors for its first two arguments and it must produce a
> > parallel vector of responses.
> >
> > To quote the help information for outer:
> >
> > "FUN is called with these two extended vectors as arguments.
> Therefore,
> > it must be a vectorized function (or the name of one), expecting at
> > least two arguments."
> >
> > Sometimes Vectorize can be used to make a non-vectorized function into
> a
> > vectorized one, but the results are not always entirely satisfactory
> in
> > my experience.
>
> What problems have you seen?
>
> Duncan Murdoch
>
> ______________________________________________
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>

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https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help PLEASE do read the posting guide http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible code. Received on Wed 05 Mar 2008 - 17:52:24 GMT

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