[R] two cols in a data frame are the same factor

From: Andres Legarra <legarra_at_gmail.com>
Date: Tue, 18 Mar 2008 10:11:05 +0100

Dear all,
I have a data set (QTL detection) where I have two cols of factors in the data frame that correspond logically (in my model) to the same factor. In fact these are haplotype classes. Another real-life example would be family gas consumption as a function of car company (e.g. Ford, GM, and Honda) (assuming 2 cars by family).

An artificial example follows:
L3 <- LETTERS[1:3]
(d <- data.frame( y=rnorm(10), fac=sample(L3, 10,

 lm(y ~ fac+fac1,data=d)

and I get:

(Intercept) facB facC fac1B fac1C

     0.3612 -0.9359 -0.2004 -2.1376 -0.5438

However, to respect my model, I need to constrain effects in fac and fac1 to be the same, i.e. facB=fac1B and facC=fac1C. There are logically just 4 unknowns (average,A,B,C). With continuous covariates one might do y ~ I(cov1+cov2), but this is not the case.

Is there any trick to do that?

Andres Legarra
Toulouse, France

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