Re: [R] need help for building R in Ubuntu 8.04

From: Martin Maechler <>
Date: Wed, 28 May 2008 18:18:25 +0200

>>>>> "DE" == Dirk Eddelbuettel <> >>>>> on Wed, 28 May 2008 12:46:50 +0000 writes:

    DE> On Wed, May 28, 2008 at 02:29:10PM +0200, Martin     DE> Maechler wrote:
>> >>>>> "EH" == Erin Hodgess <>
>> >>>>> on Sun, 25 May 2008 13:27:04 -0500 writes:
    EH> Try: ./configure --with-x=no
>> well...... no! really don't.

    DE> Seconded.

    DE> At best this qualified for the 'then do not do it'
    DE> school of advice to the 'it hurts when I do this'.  But
    DE> it truly missed the underlying issue. See below.

>> If you want to enjoy a Linux system and building from the
>> source, and then maybe learn how that is happening,
>> learning about shell scripts and 'make' and ... then
>> rather do get the extra ubuntu packages needed.

    DE> Or if you 'just' want to run it, install Ubuntu and     DE> learn to take advantage of the work of others.


>> The advice (below) to get the 'xorg-dev' is definitely
>> good advice. I have it on the list of packages I'd always
>> want to install in addition to the basic ubuntu/debian
>> list.
>> But you most probably will find that you need a few more
>> tools / libraries / headers for your ubuntu system such
>> that you can build R with all the bells and whistles
>> possible.
>> There's the Debian (and "hence" Ubuntu) package
>> 'r-base-dev' which contains 'r-base' (i.e. a *binary*
>> version of R; the one Dirk Eddelbuettel mentioned), but
>> also most of the compilers/libraries/... that you'd want
>> to build R from the sources.

    DE> Just to be a bit more precise:

    DE> i) 'apt-get install r-base' will get you r-base-core and
    DE> all the recommended packages --- use this if you want to
    DE> _run_ R

    DE> ii) 'apt-get install r-base-dev' will get all the common
    DE> header files, as well as r-base-core use this if you     DE> _also want to build / install R packages_ incl from CRAN
    DE> iii) 'apt-get build-dep r-base' will get you _build
    DE> dependencies_ for R and is probably what Martin wanted
    DE> here.

Yes, indeed, thanks, Dirk!

Martin learns about 'apt-get build-dep' about every two years, and a year later when he would need it, has forgotten... :-)

>> Last time I did get 'r-base-dev' on a "virgin" ubuntu
>> system, I vaguely remember that it did not contain
>> *really* all the tools I'd wanted, but almost all.

    DE> Bug reports are always welcome and a more constructive
    DE> form of moving things forward than an off-hand comment
    DE> here :-) Note that I tend not to get the ones filed
    DE> against Ubuntu so file against Debian please.

>> e.g., you may also want the two packages
>> tcl8.4-dev tk8.4-dev

    DE> Just curious: what did you need them for ? In case you
    DE> wanted to build R, see iii) above as a possibly more
    DE> focussed way to get there.

yes, indeed.

    DE> Dirk

    DE> -- Three out of two people have difficulties with     DE> fractions. mailing list PLEASE do read the posting guide and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible code. Received on Wed 28 May 2008 - 17:43:01 GMT

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