# [R] How to solve a non-linear system of equations using R

From: Jorge Ivan Velez <jorgeivanvelez_at_gmail.com>
Date: Tue, 03 Jun 2008 17:09:22 -0400

Dear R-list members,

I've had a hard time trying to solve a non-linear system (nls) of equations which structure for the equation i, i=1,...,4, is as follows:

```                f_i(d_1,d_2,d_3,d_4)-k_i(l,m,s) = 0    (1)

```

In the expression above, both f_i and k_i are known functions and l, m and s are known constants. I would like to estimate the vector d=(d_1,d_2,d_3,d_4) which is solution of (1). Functions in R to estimate f_i-k_i are at the end of this message.

Any help/suggestions/comments would be greatly appreciated.

Jorge

```# ------------------------------
```

# Constants
```# ------------------------------

l=1
```

m=0.4795
s=0.4795
```# ------------------------------
```

# Functions to estimate f_i-k_i
```# ------------------------------

f1=function(d){
d1=d
d2=d
```

d3=d
d4=d
res=2*d1+2*sqrt(2)*d1*d2+2*sqrt(3)*d2*d3+4*d3*d4-l*m*(1+d1^2+d2^2+d3^2+d4^2) res
}
```f2=function(d){
d1=d
d2=d
d3=d
d4=d
```

res=2*sqrt(2)*d2+2*d1^2+2*sqrt(6)*d1*d3+4*d2^2+4*sqrt(3)*d2*d4+6*d3^2+8*d4^2-l*(m^2+m^3*s^(-1))*(1+d1^2+d2^2+d3^2+d4^2) res
}
```f3=function(d){
d1=d
d2=d
d3=d
d4=d
```

res=6*d1+12*sqrt(2)*d1*d2+18*sqrt(3)*d2*d3+48*d3*d4+2*sqrt(6)*d3+4*sqrt(6)*d1*d4-l*(m^3+3*m^4*s^(-1)+3*m^6*s^(-2))*(1+d1^2+d2^2+d3^2+d4^2) res
}
```f4=function(d){
d1=d
d2=d
d3=d
d4=d
```

res=12*sqrt(2)*d2+12*d1^2+36*d2^2+72*d3^2+120*d4^2+20*sqrt(6)*d1*d3+56*sqrt(3)*d2*d4+4*sqrt(6)*d4-l*((m^4+6*m^6*s^(-1)+15*m^6*s^(-2)+15*m^7*s^(-3))-3*l^(2)*(m^2+m^3*s^(-1))^2)*(1+d1^2+d2^2+d3^2+d4^2) res
}

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