Re: [R] Securities earning covariance

From: Patrick Burns <>
Date: Thu, 05 Jun 2008 17:11:00 +0100

I would start by creating a matrix that held the returns with rows being the dates and columns being the securities. You can do this by something along the lines of:

days <- as.character(df[, 'DAY'])
sec <- as.character(df[, 'SEC_ID']
earningmat <- array(NA, c(length(unique(days)),

   length(unique(sec))), list(sort(unique(days)),    unique(sec)))
submat <- cbind(match(days, rownames(earningmat)),

    match(sec, colnames(earningmat)))
earningmat[submat] <- as.numeric(as.character(df[, 'EARNING']))

Notice that while the 'as.numeric-as.character' in the last line may not be needed -- if it is needed, it is needed in a big way. If the 'EARNING' column is a factor (because there was at least one item that didn't appear to be numeric when it was read in), then skipping the 'as.numeric-as.character' call will put the codes for the factor into the matrix. It will be numeric as you expect, but complete garbage.

The trick with 'submat' is explained in any complete description of subscripting -- the subscripting section of Chapter 1 of S Poetry, for instance.

Once you have a suitable matrix, then you can use 'var' or some other function to get the variance matrix. Depending on where you are going, a factor model variance may be better. You can get 'factor.model.stat' from the public domain area of the Burns Statistics website. This is especially useful if there are missing values in your matrix.

Patrick Burns
+44 (0)20 8525 0696
(home of S Poetry and "A Guide for the Unwilling S User") wrote:
> Good morning,
> I am a new R user and I am trying to learn how to use it.
> I am trying to solve this problem.
> I have a dataframe df of daily securities (for a year) earnings as
> follows:
> IT0000001 20070101 5.467
> IT0000001 20070102 5.456
> IT0000001 20070103 4.954
> IT0000001 20070104 3.456
> ..........................
> IT0000002 20070101 1.456
> IT0000002 20070102 1.345
> IT0000002 20070103 1.233
> ..........................
> IT0000003 20070101 0.345
> IT0000003 20070102 0.367
> IT0000003 20070103 0.319
> ..........................
> And so on: about 800 different SEC_ID and about 180000 rows.
> I have to calculate the "covariance" for each couple of securities x and
> y according to the formula:
> Cov(x,y) = (sum[(x-x')*(y-y')]/N)/(sx*sy)
> being x' and y' the mean of securities earning in the year, N the number
> of observations, sx and sy the standard deviation of x and y.
> To do this I could build a df2 data frame like this:
> EARNING.y x' y' sx sy
> 20070101 IT0000001 IT0000002 5.467 1.456
> a b aa bb
> 20070101 IT0000001 IT0000003 5.467 0.345
> a c aa cc
> 20070101 IT0000002 IT0000003 1.456 0.345
> b c bb cc
> 20070102 IT0000001 IT0000002 5.456 1.345
> a b aa bb
> 20070102 IT0000001 IT0000003 5.456 0.367
> a c aa cc
> 20070102 IT0000002 IT0000003 1.345 0.367
> b c bb cc
> ........................................................................
> .......................................................
> (merging df with itself with a condition SEC_ID.x < SEC_ID.y) and then
> easily calculate the formula; but the dimensions are too big (the
> process stops whit an out-of-memory message).
> Besides partitioning the input and using a loop, are there any smarter
> solutions (eventually using split and other ways of "subgroup merging"
> to solve the problem ?
> Are there any "shortcuts" using statistical built-in functions (e.g.
> cov, vcov) ?
> Thank you in advance
> Angelo Linardi
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> mailing list PLEASE do read the posting guide and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible code. Received on Thu 05 Jun 2008 - 18:13:51 GMT

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