[R] Systemfit (was RE: How to force two regression coefficients to be equal but opposite in sign?)

From: Woolner, Keith <kwoolner_at_indians.com>
Date: Mon, 09 Jun 2008 10:27:43 -0400

Thank you, Greg, and also to Scott Ellison, who replied privately. I am in the process of trying out both suggestions.

After I sent my initial message, I came across the Systemfit package, which allows specification of constraints on parameters. In theory, this should solve my problem perfectly. However, I was not able to get it to work with my data, as every attempt yielded the following error:

Error in dimnames(x) <- dn :
  length of 'dimnames' [2] not equal to array extent

I suspect that it is related to some of my variables being factors rather than numeric.

Is systemfit able to deal with factors as independent variables having constraints, and if so, is there some trick in formulating the problem? I searched through the package documentation, but did not see mention of factors being either supported or unsupported.

Thank you, again.

Keith

> Date: Fri, 6 Jun 2008 11:39:27 -0600
> From: "Greg Snow" <Greg.Snow_at_imail.org>
> Subject: Re: [R] How to force two regression coefficients to be equal
> but opposite in sign?
> To: "Woolner, Keith" <kwoolner_at_indians.com>, "r-help_at_r-project.org"
> <r-help_at_r-project.org>
> Message-ID:
> <B37C0A15B8FB3C468B5BC7EBC7DA14CC60F685895B_at_LP-
> EXMBVS10.CO.IHC.COM>
> Content-Type: text/plain; charset=us-ascii
>
> One simple way is to do something like:
>
> > fit <- lm(y ~ I(x1-x2) + x3, data=mydata)
>
> The first coeficient (after the intercept) will be the slope for x1,
> the slope for x2 will be the negative of that. This model is nested
in
> the fuller model with x1 and x2 fit seperately and you can therefore
> test for differences.
>
> Hope this helps,
>
> --
> Gregory (Greg) L. Snow Ph.D.
> Statistical Data Center
> Intermountain Healthcare
> greg.snow_at_imail.org
> (801) 408-8111
>
>
>
> > -----Original Message-----
> > From: r-help-bounces_at_r-project.org
> > [mailto:r-help-bounces_at_r-project.org] On Behalf Of Woolner, Keith
> > Sent: Friday, June 06, 2008 10:07 AM
> > To: r-help_at_r-project.org
> > Subject: [R] How to force two regression coefficients to be
> > equal but opposite in sign?
> >
> > Is there a way to set up a regression in R that forces two
> > coefficients to be equal but opposite in sign?
> >
> > I'm trying to setup a model where a subject appears in a pair of
> > environments where a measurement X is made. There are a total of 5
> > environments, one of which is a baseline. But each observation is
for
> > a subject in only two of them, and not all subjects will appear in
> > each environment.
> >
> > Each of the environments has an effect on the variable X. I want to
> > measure the relative effects of each environment E on X with a
model.
> >
> > Xj = Xi * Ei / Ej
> >
> > Ei of the baseline model is set equal to 1.
> >
> > With a log transform, a linear-looking regression can be written as:
> >
> > log(Xj) = log(Xi) + log(Ei) - log(Ej)
> >
> > My data looks like:
> >
> > # E1 X1 E2 X2
> > 1 A .20 B .25
> >
> > What I've tried in R:
> >
> > env <- c("A","B","C","D","E")
> >
> > # Note: data is made up just for this example
> >
> > df <- data.frame(
> > X1 =
> > c(.20,.10,.40,.05,.10,.24,.30,.70,.48,.22,.87,.29,.24,.19,.92),
> > X2 =
> > c(.25,.12,.45,.01,.19,.50,.30,.40,.50,.40,.68,.30,.16,.02,.70),
> > E1 =
> > c("A","A","A","B","B","B","C","C","C","D","D","D","E","E","E"),
> > E2 =
> > c("B","C","D","A","D","E","A","B","E","B","C","E","A","B","C")
> >
> > )
> >
> > model <- lm(log(X2) ~ log(X1) + E1 + E2, data = df)
> >
> > summary(model)
> > Call:
> >
> > lm(formula = log(X2) ~ log(X1) + E1 + E2, data = df)
> >
> > Residuals:
> >
> > 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
> > 8 9
> > 10 11 12 13 14 15
> > 0.3240 0.2621 -0.5861 -1.0283 0.5861 0.4422 0.3831
> > -0.2608 -0.1222
> > 0.9002 -0.5802 -0.3200 0.6452 -0.9634 0.3182
> >
> > Coefficients:
> >
> > Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
> >
> > (Intercept) 0.54563 1.71558 0.318 0.763
> > log(X1) 1.29745 0.57295 2.265 0.073 .
> > E1B -0.23571 0.95738 -0.246 0.815
> > E1C -0.57057 1.20490 -0.474 0.656
> > E1D -0.22988 0.98274 -0.234 0.824
> > E1E -1.17181 1.02918 -1.139 0.306
> > E2B -0.16775 0.87803 -0.191 0.856
> > E2C 0.05952 1.12779 0.053 0.960
> > E2D 0.43077 1.19485 0.361 0.733
> > E2E 0.40633 0.98289 0.413 0.696
> >
> > ---
> >
> > Signif. codes: 0 '***' 0.001 '**' 0.01 '*' 0.05 '.' 0.1 ' ' 1
> > Residual standard error: 1.004 on 5 degrees of freedom
> > Multiple R-squared: 0.7622, Adjusted R-squared: 0.3343
> > F-statistic: 1.781 on 9 and 5 DF, p-value: 0.2721
> >
> > ----
> >
> > What I need to do is force the corresponding environment
coefficients
> > to be equal in absolute value, but opposite in sign. That is:
> >
> > E1B = -E2B
> > E1C = -E3C
> > E1D = -E3D
> > E1E = -E1E
> >
> > In essence, E1 and E2 are the "same" variable, but can play two
> > different roles in the model depending on whether it's the first
part
> > of the observation or the second part.
> >
> > I searched the archive, and the closest thing I found to my
situation
> > was:
> >
> > http://tolstoy.newcastle.edu.au/R/e4/help/08/03/6773.html
> >
> > But the response to that thread didn't seem to be applicable to my
> > situation.
> >
> > Any pointers would be appreciated.
> >
> > Thanks,
> > Keith
> *************************************



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