[R] Re membering the last time an event occurred within a dataframe

From: Jim Price <price_ja_at_hotmail.com>
Date: Thu, 03 Jul 2008 11:19:26 -0700 (PDT)

All,

I am constructing a pharmacokinetic dataset and have hit a snag. The dataset can be demonstrated in the following way:

myData <- data.frame(

	evid = c(1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 0), 
	time = 1:10,
	last.dose.time = c(1, 1, 1, 1, 5, 5, 7, 8, 9, 9)
)

The evid field is an indicator variable for whether the associated observation is a dosing record (when it takes value 1) or an observation (where it takes value 0). The time field is a date-time record for the associated dose / observation event. I'm trying to calculate the time since the last dose for each observation event - to support that, the data I'd like to end up with is contained in last.dose.time, which gives the time at which the last dosing event occured.

The problem is in calculating the last.dose.time field; this is the first time I've done this particular kind of data manipulation in R and I just can't get my head around the code to solve it.

I've been eyeballing rle and I think there may be a solution hiding in there somewhere, but I'm still failing to progress. Any help would be appreciated!

Thanks in advance,

Jim Price
Cardiome Pharma. Corp.

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