# [R] Strptime/ date time classes

From: Caroline Keef <caroline.keef_at_jbaconsulting.co.uk>
Date: Wed, 09 Jul 2008 11:09:49 +0100

I've come across a problem using strptime, can anyone explain what's going on? I'm using version 2.7.0 on Windows XP.

Thank you

Caroline

dim(alldata)
[1] 223960 2

# inefficient, safe way of sorting out missing or dodgy data

alldata[,2][alldata[,2] < 0] = NA

# first ten lines of the data

alldata[1:10,]

V1 V2
1 19800604062759 NA

```2  19800604062800 0.271
3  19800604111900 0.286
4  19800604134300 0.362
5  19800604144400 0.465
6  19800604163300 0.510
7  19800604175400 0.518
8  19800604185100 0.526
```

9 19800611110900 NA
10 19800611110959 NA

#Then convert the first column using strptime

datetimes = strptime(alldata[,1],format="%Y%m%d%H%M%S")

#Then I want to get minimum and maximum, but some seem to be missing
when they aren't.

length(as.POSIXlt(datetimes)) #also equal to length(datetimes)

[1] 9

# Why isn't this 223960? Is it something to do with the class?

# This is the really puzzling bit (to me anyway)

a =(1:223960)[is.na(datetimes)]

# which gives

1462 14295 18744 50499 50500 92472 92473 92474 92475 92476 137525 137526 137527 171066 171067 192353

# 16 values

alldata[a,]

```                   V1    V2
1462   19810329012000 0.983
14295  19900325014300 0.219
18744  19920329014300 0.246
50499  19960331013000 0.564
50500  19960331015700 0.563
92472  19970330010200 0.173
92473  19970330011400 0.172
92474  19970330012700 0.172
92475  19970330014400 0.172
92476  19970330015500 0.172
137525 19980329011600 0.427
137526 19980329014100 0.427
137527 19980329015600 0.427
171066 19990328010300 0.223
```

171067 19990328011800 0.223
192353 20000326012800 0.189

datetimes[a]
[1] "1981-03-29 01:20:00" "1990-03-25 01:43:00" "1992-03-29 01:43:00"

```"1996-03-31 01:30:00" "1996-03-31 01:57:00"  [6] "1997-03-30 01:02:00"
"1997-03-30 01:14:00" "1997-03-30 01:27:00" "1997-03-30 01:44:00"
"1997-03-30 01:55:00" [11] "1998-03-29 01:16:00" "1998-03-29 01:41:00"
"1998-03-29 01:56:00" "1999-03-28 01:03:00" "1999-03-28 01:18:00" [16]
"2000-03-26 01:28:00"

```

# They're all around the end of March! I've looked at the data file and
I can't see anything funny in it around these dates.

The first few lines of the data file look like

#TZUTC+0|*|SANR08002|*|SNAMENAUL|*|SWATERDELVIN|*|CNR98808|*|
#CNAMEQ|*|CTYPEn-min-ip|*|CMW1440|*|RTIMELVLhigh-resolution|*|
#CUNITm3/s|*|RINVAL-777|*|RNR-1|*|REXCHANGE98913|*|
#RTYPEinstantaneous values|*|

19800604062759 -777.0

```19800604062800 0.271
19800604111900 0.286
19800604134300 0.362
19800604144400 0.465
19800604163300 0.510
19800604175400 0.518
19800604185100 0.526
```

19800611110900 -777.0
19800611110959 -777.0
```19800611111000 0.100
19800611211400 0.096
19800612000000 0.096
19800612065000 0.098
19800612133400 0.100

```

Caroline KeefJBA Consulting
South Barn, Broughton Hall, Skipton, North Yorkshire, BD23 3AE, UK t: +44 (0)1756 799919 f: +44 (0)1756 799449

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