# Re: [R] Colors in Sweave

From: Duncan Murdoch <murdoch_at_stats.uwo.ca>
Date: Tue, 29 Jul 2008 19:45:28 -0400

On 27/07/2008 3:10 PM, Stephen Tucker wrote:
> Hi list,
>
> I was using Sweave and was wondering if anyone has had any luck changing the font colors of the code chunks. For instance, in my .Rnw preample I tried including:
>
> ===
> \usepackage[usenames]{colors}
> \definecolor{darkred}{rgb}{0.545,0,0}
> \definecolor{midnightblue}{rgb}{0.098,0.098,0.439}
> \DefineVerbatimEnvironment{Sinput}{Verbatim}{fontshape=sl,formatcom={\color{midnightblue}}}
> \DefineVerbatimEnvironment{Soutput}{Verbatim}{formatcom={\color{darkred}}}
> \DefineVerbatimEnvironment{Scode}{Verbatim}{fontshape=sl,formatcom={\color{blue}}}
> ===
>
> which works in the sense that colors do show up in the processed pdf document, but extra spaces in between the input and output code chunks appear (which is not the case when colors are not specified), resulting in a long document with many blank lines.
>
> Alternatively, in the resulting tex document I replaced all instances of \begin{Sinput}... \end{Sinput} with {\color{midnightblue}\begin{Sinput} ... \end{Sinput}} and darkred for Soutput and so on. When I do this, I get the following error message:
>
> === LaTeX excerpt ===
> \begin{Schunk}
> {\color{midnightblue}\begin{Sinput}

>> ISOdatetime(1970, 1, 1, 0, 0, 0, "") - ISOdatetime(1970, 1, 1,

> +     0, 0, 0, "GMT")


> \end{Sinput}}
> {\color{darkred}\begin{Soutput}
> Time difference of 8 hours
> \end{Soutput}}
> \end{Schunk}
> ===
>
> === error message ===
> )
> ! FancyVerb Error:
> Extraneous input }\end{}' between \end{Sinput} and line end
> .
> \FV_at_Error ... {FancyVerb Error:
> \space \space #1
> }
>
> l.13 \end{Sinput}}
> ===
>
> I guess I don't know enough of the Schunk/Sinput/Soutput definitions to toy with it and was wondering if anyone had tried something similar.

The definitions are very simple: see Sweave.sty, they're just

\DefineVerbatimEnvironment{Sinput}{Verbatim}{fontshape=sl}
\DefineVerbatimEnvironment{Soutput}{Verbatim}{}
\DefineVerbatimEnvironment{Scode}{Verbatim}{fontshape=sl}

`

\newenvironment{Schunk}{}{}

I would use

\DefineVerbatimEnvironment{Sinput}{Verbatim}{fontshape=sl,formatcom=\color{midnightblue}}

(i.e. no extra braces), but whether or not I do that, I don't notice extra spacing beyond what Sweave always puts in. To get rid of the usual Sweave extra spacing, try

\fvset{listparameters={\setlength{\topsep}{0pt}}} \renewenvironment{Schunk}{\vspace{\topsep}}{\vspace{\topsep}}

Duncan Murdoch

R-help_at_r-project.org mailing list
https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help PLEASE do read the posting guide http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible code. Received on Tue 29 Jul 2008 - 23:50:16 GMT

Archive maintained by Robert King, hosted by the discipline of statistics at the University of Newcastle, Australia.
Archive generated by hypermail 2.2.0, at Wed 30 Jul 2008 - 00:33:01 GMT.

Mailing list information is available at https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help. Please read the posting guide before posting to the list.