Re: [R] Case statements in R

From: Peter Dalgaard <>
Date: Sat, 02 Aug 2008 11:04:27 +0200

(Ted Harding) wrote:
> On 28-Jul-08 17:52:31, Henrik Bengtsson wrote:
>> Use '&' for vectors and '&&' for scalars. Ditto applies to the OR
>> operator(s). /Henrik
> What's wrong with using "&" for scalars? Surely it gives the
> correct answer? Maybe it's simply a bit slower, or something?
Semantics are subtly different. a && b does not evaluate b if a is FALSE (it is equivalent to if(a) then b else FALSE), so

 > F & print("Hi")
[1] "Hi"
Error in F & print("Hi") :
  operations are possible only for numeric or logical types  > F && print("Hi")
[1] FALSE This is a bit synthetic, but it shows that there are differences in side effects and error checking. In real life, an important case would be when "a" is a check that "b" is at all computable.


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