Re: [R] Citing R in journal articles (or the failure to)

From: Kinoko <>
Date: Tue, 11 Nov 2008 18:09:09 -0800 (PST)

Just a few words...
I usually cite softwares, especially if they are opensource (and encourage everyone to do so).
Of course I would not append references for rkward or kile to my bib (neither word or excel).

While the response of the researcher using your software is not convincing, you can easily check
if it is the journal's deliberate policy to exclude software references
- e.g. to save space - or it was simply the author's ignorance why your package was not cited.
The latter case seems to be more likely though.

In defense of the 'ignorant' author, it should be noted that it is not always clear how to cite a software.
For example, neither typing citation(tweedie), nor browsing through tweedie's documentation tells me
how to cite it (of course, as a last resort I can mail the author of the package).
Probably I would not be so helpless if we were in the same research field though.

Related to this, can offer some explanation how to figure out the citations of packages in publications?

best wishes,


Appendix: The sections below are straight from R console.

> citation()

To cite R in publications use:

  R Development Core Team (2008). R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing,   Vienna, Austria. ISBN 3-900051-07-0, URL

A BibTeX entry for LaTeX users is

    title = {R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing},     author = {{R Development Core Team}},     organization = {R Foundation for Statistical Computing},     address = {Vienna, Austria},
    year = {2008},
    note = {{ISBN} 3-900051-07-0},
    url = {},

We have invested a lot of time and effort in creating R, please cite it when using it for data analysis. See also ‘citation("pkgname")’ for citing R packages.

> citation(tweedie)

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