Re: [Rd] suggestion for R >= 3.0: computer-readable CHANGELOG

From: Romain Francois <>
Date: Fri, 17 Apr 2009 16:36:03 +0200

Philippe Grosjean wrote:
> Hello,
> Here are a few questions that would be useful to get an answer via
> dedicated functions in utils or tools packages:
> - When did function foo appeared in R or in a given package?
> - When did argument myarg appeared in function foo?
> - When did function bar get deprecated or when did it disappeared?
> - I wrote a script using functions foo and bar with R 1.9.1. My script
> does not work any more with current version. What were all the changes
> made to foo and/or to bar since then (this could obviously help me to
> update my script for current R version)?
> Currently, we have to read NEWS (or perhaps a non official changelog)
> manually to get such answers.


I agree with the usefulness of having this available, but there is absolutely no way people are going to log such information in a systematic fashion. In the other hand, if you have version 1 and version 2 of some package, then why not do some programmatic investigation of the code to get (some of) these answers.

This looks like CRANberries, but working at the object level instead of working at the file level, but then you can imagine to parse the package, dump each function/object/class in its own file, and cranberry that. Is CRANberry an R package ?


> The basic function to retrieve data that would answer to these
> questions would be something like:
> > changes(c("foo", "bar"))
> That function could, for instance, read information in a
> computer-readable file named CHANGELOG... because the problem is
> there! Changes are currently recorded in NEWS, but ONLY in a
> human-readable form! A quick suggestion for a format for CHANGELOG by
> example:
> Date Object Action Value Message
> 2009-04-17 package commit 1.1-0 Enhanced version of my package
> 2009-04-15 foo add foo(y) New function foo in my package
> 2009-04-14 bar debug bar(NULL) returned wrong result
> 2009-04-01 package commit 1.0-0 First version of package on CRAN
> It should be kept simple. May be an "Author" field in the records
> would be nice too. Also a function to record a new entry in the
> CHANGELOG could look like:
> > track("XXX", action = "debug", message = "my comment", file =
> "/somewhere/CHANGELOG")
> The file NEWS would not change and should be kept to present the same
> information in a human-readable format.
> Also, a function that lists all functions used in a script or a
> package (Romain François is working in this direction with svTools
> package), plus a function to plot one or several "changes" objects as
> returned by changes() on a time axis or "version axis" would be
> welcome additions to further track and plot evolution of R, or of R
> packages for a group of functions of interest. Finally, a function to
> easily record the dependences used and their versions in a script
> would complete the set of tools.
> These 4-5 functions are not difficult to write (although I suspect
> that this simplistic proposal would become more complex if one
> consider to interact with subversion, to separate development and
> release versions, ...). But to be really useful, they should be better
> designed and proposed by the R core team, and included in the official
> specifications for writing package. May I suggest to think about such
> a change for R version 3.0?
> Things get more complicated for verifying CHANGELOG in R CMD check. At
> least, one could check actions like:
> - object or function addition, deprecation or disappearance,
> - argument changes in functions, slot changes in objects,
> - function refactoring (change in the code from previous version)
> but only if we provide also the previous version of a package to R CMD
> check.
> I would be happy to contribute, but the concept must certainly be
> further discussed and enhanced (here?), and then, accepted by the R
> core team before going any further.
> All the best,
> Philippe Grosjean

Romain Francois
Independent R Consultant
+33(0) 6 28 91 30 30

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