# Re: [Rd] Inverting a square... (PR#13762)

Date: Thu, 18 Jun 2009 16:05:22 +0200 (CEST)

Yes=2C Peter=2E I did look at it=2C but not carefully enought to catch = that=2E

Thanks=2C
Ravi=2E

=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=
=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=
=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F

Assistant Professor=2C
Division of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology School of Medicine
Johns Hopkins University

Ph=2E (410) 502-2619

• Original Message ----- From=3A Peter Dalgaard =3CP=2EDalgaard=40biostat=2Eku=2Edk=3E Date=3A Thursday=2C June 18=2C 2009 9=3A15 am Subject=3A Re=3A =5BRd=5D Inverting a square=2E=2E=2E (PR=2313762) To=3A rvaradhan=40jhmi=2Eedu Cc=3A R-bugs=40r-project=2Eorg

=3E Refiling this=2E The actual fix was slightly more complicated=2E Wi=
ll soon
=3E be committed to R-Patched (aka 2=2E9=2E1 beta)=2E
=3E =

=3E -p
=3E =

=3E =3E Version=3A 2=2E8=2E1
=3E =3E OS=3A Windows
=3E =3E Submission from=3A (NULL) (162=2E129=2E251=2E19)
=3E =3E =

=3E =3E =

=3E =3E Inverting a matrix with solve()=2C but using LAPACK=3DTRUE=2C g=
ives erroneous
=3E =3E results=3A
=3E =

=3E Inside coef=2Eqr=2C we have
=3E =

=3E coef=5Bqr=24pivot=2C =5D =3C-
=3E =2ECall(=22qr=5Fcoef=5Freal=22=2C qr=2C y=2C PACKAGE =3D =22base=22=
)=5Bseq=5Flen(p)=5D
=3E =

=3E which should be =5Bseq=5Flen(p)=2C=5D
=3E =

=3E (otherwise=2C in the matrix case=2C the RHS will recycle only the 1=
st p
=3E elements=2C i=2Ee=2E=2C the 1st column)=2E
=3E =

=3E =3E =

=3E =3E Here is an example=3A
=3E =3E =

=3E =3E hilbert =3C- function(n) =7B i =3C- 1=3An=3B 1 / outer(i -=
1=2C i=2C =22+=22) =7D
=3E =3E h5 =3C- hilbert(5)
=3E =3E hinv1 =3C- solve(qr(h5))
=3E =3E hinv2 =3C- solve(qr(h5=2C LAPACK=3DTRUE)) =

=3E =3E all=2Eequal(hinv1=2C hinv2) =23 They are not equal
=3E =3E =

=3E =3E solve=2Elapack =3C- function(A=2C LAPACK=3DTRUE=2C tol=3D1=2Ee=
-07) =7B
=3E =3E =23 A function to invert a matrix using =22LAPACK=22 or =22LIN=
PACK=22
=3E =3E if (nrow(A) !=3D ncol(A)) stop(=22Matrix muxt be square=
=22)
=3E =3E qrA =3C- qr(A=2C LAPACK=3DLAPACK=2C tol=3Dtol)
=3E =3E if (LAPACK) =7B
=3E =3E apply(diag(1=2C ncol(A))=2C 2=2C function(x) solve(qrA=2C x)) =

=3E =3E =7D else solve(qrA)
=3E =3E =7D
=3E =3E =

=3E =3E hinv3 =3C- solve=2Elapack(h5)
=3E =3E all=2Eequal(hinv1=2C hinv3) =23 Now=2C they are equal
=3E =3E =

=3E =3E =5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=
=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=5F=
=5F
=3E =3E R-devel=40r-project=2Eorg mailing list
=3E =3E =

=3E =

=3E =

=3E -- =

=3E O=5F=5F ---- Peter Dalgaard =D8ster Farimagsgade 5=2C=
Entr=2EB
=3E c/ /=27=5F --- Dept=2E of Biostatistics PO Box 2099=2C 1014 C=
ph=2E K
=3E (*) =5C(*) -- University of Copenhagen Denmark Ph=3A (+45)=
35327918
=3E =7E=7E=7E=7E=7E=7E=7E=7E=7E=7E - (p=2Edalgaard=40biostat=2Eku=2Edk)=

FAX=3A (+45) 35327907
=3E =

=3E

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