Re: [R] RGL on Mac OS X

From: Sean Davis <>
Date: Fri 02 Jul 2004 - 03:01:04 EST

Interestingly, on R 1.9.0 and MacOS 10.3.4, I was just able to install rgl without problems this morning. Is this perhaps an issue with movement from 10.2 to 10.3, as I know the X11 stuff changed quite a bit. (I have to admit that I haven't been following this thread closely, but just wanted to point this out.)

On 7/1/04 12:40 PM, "Matthew Cohen" <> wrote:

> I should have included in my last message a reference to the discussion of
> this issue on the R developers' list:
> Here, Simon Urbanek says:

>> In Mac OS X native version: The R shell wrapper (bin/R) overrides default
>> library search path with DYLD_LIBRARY_PATH and adds (among others)
>> /usr/X11R6/lib. This causes problems when modules need (directly or
>> indirectly) libraries from Apple's frameworks which are masked by X11.
>> Examples for such packages are SJava and RGL. SJava needs JavaVM which in
>> turn loads OpenGL framework. RGL needs the OpenGL framework directly. The
>> problem is that specifying /usr/X11R6/lib in DYLD_LIBRARY_PATH forces the
>> libGL to be loaded from the X11 directory instead of the OpenGL framework
>> library. This crashes R due to missing symbols, since the modules must link
>> to the OpenGL framework. In fact the OpenGL framework libraries load the
>> X11 libraries internally (but not vice versa) - that's why the default load
>> path is frameworks first then X11.

> He suggests a temporary workaround:
>> Currently a workaround is to remove /usr/X11R6/lib in R from the
>> environment variable prior to loading those packages, but more general
>> solution would be better imho. Is the /usr/X11R6/lib really necessary in
>> the DYLD_LIBRARY_PATH for some older OS X versions? At least for OS X 10.2
>> with Apple's X11 it is not necessary since X11 is already in the default
>> load path.

> Clearly the "more general solution" was never arrived at, given that the
> problem still exists. So how, exactly, do I go about implementing this
> workaround? In other words, where is the "usr/X11R6/lib" path included in
> R, and how do I remove it? (and, if necessary, how do I put it back
> afterwards?)
> Also, in case it is needed, here is what typing "library(rgl)" returns in R:
>> Error in dyn.load(x, as.logical(local), as.logical(now)) :
>>         unable to load shared library
>> "/usr/local/lib/R/library/rgl/libs/":
>>   dlcompat: dyld: /usr/local/lib/R/bin/R.bin Undefined symbols:
>> _glArrayElement
>> _glBegin
>> _glBindTexture
>> _glBitmap
>> _glBlendFunc
>> _glCallList
>> _glCallLists
>> _glClear
>> _glClearColor
>> _glClearDepth
>> _glColor3f
>> _glColor4fv
>> _glColor4ubv
>> _glColorMaterial
>> _glColorPointe
>> Error in library(rgl) : .First.lib failed

> Any help would be very much appreciated. Also, apologies for sending out
> two messages asking the same question in such a short span of time, but I
> realized after sending that I did not include all of the relevant
> information in the first.
> Matt
> Guide!
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> mailing list PLEASE do read the posting guide! Received on Fri Jul 02 03:03:12 2004

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