# Re: [R] a==0 vs as.integer(a)==0 vs all.equal(a,0)

From: Peter Dalgaard <p.dalgaard_at_biostat.ku.dk>
Date: Tue 08 Mar 2005 - 20:45:26 EST

Robin Hankin <r.hankin@soc.soton.ac.uk> writes:

> hi
>
>
> ?integer says:
>
> Note that on almost all implementations of R the range of
> representable integers is restricted to about +/-2*10^9: 'double's
> can hold much larger integers exactly.
>
>
> I am getting very confused as to when to use integers and when not to.
> In my line
> I need exact comparisons of large integer-valued arrays, so I often
> use as.integer(),
> but the above seems to tell me that doubles might be better.
>
> Consider the following R idiom of Euclid's algorithm for the highest
> common factor
> of two positive integers:
>
> gcd <- function(a, b){
> if (b == 0){ return(a)}
> return(Recall(b, a%%b))
> }
>
> If I call this with gcd(10,12), for example, then a%%b is not an
> integer, so the first
> line of the function, testing b for being zero, isn't legitimate.
>
> OK, so I have some options:
>
> (1) stick in "a <- as.integer(a), b <- as.integer(b)" into the
> function: then a%%b *will* be an
> integer and the "==" test is appropriate
> (2) use some test like abs(b) < TOL for some suitable TOL (0.5?)
> (3) use identical(all.equal(b,0),TRUE) like it says in identical.Rd
> (4) use identical(all.equal(b,as.integer(0)),TRUE)

>
> How does the List deal with this kind of problem?
>
> Also, gcd() as written returns a non-integer. Would the List
> recommend rewriting the last
> line as
>
> return(as.integer(Recall(b,a%%b)))
>
> or not?

Not if you want things to work in the large-integer domain...

You're in somewhat murky waters here because it all has to do with whether you can rely on the floating point aritmetic being exact for integers up to 2^53. *If* that works, then there's really no reason to distrust "==" in this context and the gcd() works as originally written. You might consider wrapping it in a function that checks whether a and b are both (1) in range and (2) that they are integers in the sense that round(x)==x. (Failing 2, you likely get an infinite recursion).

```--
O__  ---- Peter Dalgaard             Blegdamsvej 3
c/ /'_ --- Dept. of Biostatistics     2200 Cph. N
(*) \(*) -- University of Copenhagen   Denmark      Ph: (+45) 35327918
~~~~~~~~~~ - (p.dalgaard@biostat.ku.dk)             FAX: (+45) 35327907

______________________________________________
R-help@stat.math.ethz.ch mailing list
https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help